American adults with mental illness smoke a lot more than adults without any mental illness, with a smoking rate close to 70 percent higher.
The finding comes from a report published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in collaboration with the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).
Smoking is one of the leading causes of death in the world, it causes around 443,000 deaths per year in the United States alone. The health risks associated with smoking include: coronary artery disease (hardening of the arteries) which can lead to stroke, lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
The authors also explained that around 36 percent of adults with mental illness smoke versus only 21 percent of those without.
The prevalence of mental illness among American adults is approximately 20% - 1 in five adults has some form of mental illness. This rate is even higher among young adults and those who are poorly educated and living below the poverty line.
The authors estimated what the rates for smoking and mental illness were nationally and by state. They defined mental illness as being any diagnosable emotional, mental, or behavioral disorder, not including substance use disorders.
CDC Director Tom Frieden, M.D., M.P.H., said:
"Smokers with mental illness, like other smokers, want to quit and can quit. Stop-smoking treatments work-and it's important to make them more available to all people who want to quit."
In addition to an increased prevalence of smoking, smokers with mental illness also smoke more cigarettes than smokers without mental illness - about 20 more cigarettes a month, or 240 more per year. They also find it much harder to give up.
SAMHSA Administrator Pamela S. Hyde, said:
"Special efforts are needed to raise awareness about the burden of smoking among people with mental illness and to monitor progress in addressing this disparity,"
SAMHSA along with the Smoking Cessation Leadership Center (SCLC) have developed a range of activities aimed at helping people quit smoking. The 100 Pioneers for Smoking Cessation Campaign provides support for mental health organizations to tackle the current smoking problem among those who are mentally ill.
The campaign aims to eliminate tobacco use among people with behavioral health needs. Policymakers and stakeholders, including leaders in tobacco control and public health, developed this collaborative action plan.
The CDC is currently working alongside state tobacco control programs and other partners to address this issue of smoking among the mentally ill. An example is the Break Free Alliance, which is a CDC grantee working to reduce smoking rates among people with mental health issues.
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posted by Lisa Serene on 25 Feb 2013 at 1:16 pm
Non Smokers. Yea, driving vehicles belching tons of cancer causing ingredients into the sky while talking on a phone frying your brain like fish in a microwave, probably running someone over while talking or texting.
You eat crap full of poison and food color and preservatives. You fill the earth with garbage, pollute earth air and sky.
Drinking food and water laced with Mercury, Chlorine, Flouride, Arsenic (read the effects on the Pineal Gland and the associated organs).
You tolerate being human expirements with GMO's, eat pesticide and animal growth hormones and antibiotics. Subject children to vaccines without researching the poison in the needle. The house is filled with toxic cleaning chemicals, you glow in the dark from microwaves, take daily showers in whateverthehell is dropping from con-trails. Shall we go on?
And so many of you finger pointers are on prescribed meds with more side effects that will kill ya than what is often promised (hardly delivered). Shall we go on? You work in soulless jobs, treated like slaves for pennies and don't hold government responsible for Conspiracy Theories and Media that is proved false, causing wars, spending your money, on wars over weapons of mass destruction that don't exist. How many die over oil? Oil leaks, don't get me started.
Yea, drive your car, on your phone, full of prescription meds, with hatred due to propaganda you did not research yourself because you are too busy watching idiot tv shows like "Jackass" and "Food Wars" while stuffing your face with Twinkies.
You pick on smokers because you are afraid to fix what is really broken because the enemy breaking it is bigger than smokers. Gov, big business, Vatican. Ya pick on a cripple. Judge not least you be judged. Bullies, Bigots, Self Righteous Haters... Pew
Never mind those with a mental disorder, this is a world gone mad. So what if they smoke?! For whatever their reasons it's obvious that smoking is a moment of pleasure for these tortured people who have few such moments. To deprive them of this in the name of some obsessive crusade to eradicate tobacco use is malpractice in its most vicious form -- what's good for the anti-smokers' dogma and agenda rather than what's best for the patient.
Anyone who denies that with the decline of smoking came the rise in obesity (one cause and effect) will be blind to the prognosis that reduction in smoking by pressure in this group will result in increased episodes related to their mental disorder. In the convoluted minds of the anti-smoker brigade, this is a trade-off THEY'D (as if it's about them and not the patient) be willing to make.
Big Pharma (as will surely be suggested) in place of Big Tobacco is the greater of two "evils" and a transfer of wealth into the pockets of doctors -- including Big Anti-Smoker -- who push it. "Use OUR nicotine [or anti-psychotic drugs] in the form of patches or gum instead!" Yeah, right, this is all noble... NOT.
Good gosh, let them smoke! Contrary to the 40 year propaganda campaign it's hardly in the top ten list of bad behavior. In fact, someone should study the minds of the anti-smokers instead.
As a 71 year old male who started smoking at 14 during a time in America when all real men smoked, I smoked until I was 40years old before finally quitting for good. With the information about smoking currently available to the public, anyone who continues to smoke most assuredly has some kind of mental or behavioral problem. I cannot believe the number of young people I see smoking these days, especially females, particularly after all the publicity about the damage to health caused by smoking. What are smokers thinking?
posted by Matthew Vincent on 5 Feb 2013 at 1:37 pm
Public outreach campaigns built around shaming, listing improved health outcomes and graphic disease statistics are meaningless to a population struggling with shame and coping with the health side effects of medications.
Smoking cessation advocates forget a key point - Smoking feels very pleasurable. It is not a placebo effect. For someone with an extreme shortage of controlled pleasurable moments, giving that up is not going to be motivated by guilt trip advertisements.
Where is the reward substitute? Because it isn't living longer and avoiding social pressure...
'Mentally Ill People Smoke A Lot More Than People Without Mental Illness'
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Smoking is responsible for several diseases, such as cancer, long-term (chronic) respiratory diseases, and heart disease, as well as premature death. Over 440,000 people in the USA and 100,000 in the UK die because of smoking each year.
There are many different ways to quit smoking. Some experts advocate using pharmacological products to help wean you off nicotine, others say all you need is a good counselor and support group, or an organized program.