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Sage is a herb native to the Mediterranean, belonging to the Lamiaceae (the mint) family along with other herbs, such as oregano, lavender, rosemary, thyme, and basil.
The herb has gray leaves up to 2.5 in long (6.4 cm) and flowers that are usually blue, purple, white or pink. Because of its unique pleasant aroma sage is often used as a fragrance in soaps and cosmetics.
Sage was one of the ingredients of Four Thieves Vinegar - a mix of herbs which was made to prevent the plague.
This Medical News Today article on sage points includes information on the health benefits of the herb.
The scientific name of the herb Salvia officinalis originates from the Latin word "salvere" which in English means "to be saved."
Sage is used in medicine to help alleviate symptoms of digestive problems and mental disorders, such as Alzheimer's and depression.
Nutritious - sage is rich in antioxidants (apigenin, diosmetin, and luteolin) and important nutrients, such as vitamin K. In fact, sage has been considered somewhat of a panacea (solution or remedy for all difficulties or diseases) throughout history because of its wide range of uses in cooking and medicine.
Treating Alzheimer's disease - taking sage may help improve memory and information processing among people who suffer from mild Alzheimer's disease.
Research published in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics concluded that S. officinalis may help reduce agitation of patients, but this claim still requires further research.1
Improving memory - A 50 microl dose of sage essential oil significantly improved immediate word recall in a study of more than twenty people published in the journal Pharmacological Biochemical Behavior.2
The study authors wrote "(these results) represent the first systematic evidence that Salvia is capable of acute modulation of cognition in healthy young adults."
Anti-inflammatory - researchers at the University of Vienna, Austria published a study in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology suggesting that Salvia officinalis has important anti-inflammatory properties.. The team had been investigating the properties of herbs used in traditional Austrian medicine.3
Helps diabetes type 2 patients - a team at the Research Institute of Medicinal Plants in Iran found that "Salvia officinalis leaf extract has anti-hyperglycemic and lipid profile improving effects in hyperlipidemic type 2 diabetic patients." In other words, sage is good at lowering cholesterol and triglyceride levels in patients with diabetes type 2. The study was published in the journal Complementary Therapies in Medicine.4
Other potential benefits of sage, which currently lack scientific evidence, include:
Written by Joseph Nordqvist
Copyright: Medical News Today
Not to be reproduced without the permission of Medical News Today.
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Nordqvist, Joseph. "What are the health benefits of sage?." Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl., 23 Sep. 2013. Web.
13 Dec. 2013. <http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/266480>
Nordqvist, J. (2013, September 23). "What are the health benefits of sage?." Medical News Today. Retrieved from
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