Home-based Dialysis For Kidney Failure Gaining Popularity In Developing CountriesMain Category: Urology / Nephrology
Also Included In: Caregivers / Homecare
Article Date: 06 Feb 2012 - 0:00 PST
Home-based Dialysis For Kidney Failure Gaining Popularity In Developing Countries
|Patient / Public:|
1 (2 votes)
3 (1 votes)
Home-based dialysis treatments are on the rise in both the developing and developed worlds, but developed countries appear to be turning to them less often, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society Nephrology (JASN). The findings, which provide a global snapshot of dialysis use among patients with kidney failure, may impact future business and research innovations.
Dialysis treatments for kidney failure come in two forms: peritoneal dialysis is usually done at home, while hemodialysis is predominantly clinic-based. During peritoneal dialysis, fluids that are pumped into the abdominal cavity collect wastes pulled in from the blood and are then removed from the body. During hemodialysis, blood is removed, purified by a machine, and returned to the body.
Peritoneal dialysis is less expensive than hemodialysis, but its use seems to be declining, particularly in developed countries. To get a sense of the recent trends in peritoneal dialysis use around the world, Arsh Jain, MD (University of Western Ontario, in London, Canada) and his colleagues analyzed records from 1997 to 2008 in 130 countries.
Among the major findings:
- In 2008, there were approximately 196,000 peritoneal dialysis patients worldwide, representing 11% of the dialysis population.
- In total, 59% of peritoneal dialysis patients were treated in developing countries and 41% in developed countries.
- Over the 12 years of the study, the number of peritoneal dialysis patients increased in developing countries by 24.9 patients per million population and in developed countries by 21.8 per million population.
- The proportion of all dialysis patients treated with peritoneal dialysis did not change in developing countries but significantly declined in developed countries by 5.3%.
"Our findings may impact future business and research innovations," said Dr. Jain. Because of the increasing use of peritoneal dialysis in the developing world and the lower cost of doing research there, "it may be the developing world and not the developed world that drives future medical innovations in peritoneal dialysis," he said.
Visit our urology / nephrology section for the latest news on this subject.
Disclosures: Drs. Arsh Jain and Peter Blake have received grant support and honoraria from Baxter Inc.
The article, entitled "Global Trends in Rates of Peritoneal Dialysis," appearED online at http://jasn.asnjournals.org/ February 2, 2012, doi: 10.1681/ASN.2011060607.
American Society of Nephrology
18 May. 2013. <http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/241140.php>
Please note: If no author information is provided, the source is cited instead.
Contact Our News Editors
For any corrections of factual information, or to contact the editors please use our feedback form.
Please send any medical news or health news press releases to:
Note: Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a health care professional. For more information, please read our terms and conditions.