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The more you want to use your brain - and the more you enjoy doing it - the more likely you are to stay sharp as you age. This is according to findings recently published in the Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences by a team of researchers from Concordia University's Department of Psychology.
The new study has three major findings that can help forecast cognitive ability in one's golden years:
First author Larry Baer explains that, "retirement usually occurs right around the time when normal age-related declines in cognitive function come to the fore. So it is important to understand what is happening to brainpower during this period and to identify risk factors for mental decline, as well as factors that will help protect against it."
This study has far-reaching implications. Says Baer, "it is my hope that these results will influence the design of future interventions aimed at maintaining the cognitive health ofretirees. This can be done by focusing on getting people to intensify theirengagement in a variety of cognitive activities even if they have lower levels of motivation to do so. It is equally important to address symptoms of depression to help fight against cognitive decline."
Baer, who is currently a PhD candidate at Concordia, worked with fellow researchers Nassim Tabri, Mervin Blair and Dorothea Bye, under the leadership of senior authors Dolores Pushkar and Karen Li. They used data collected over four years, from 333 recent retirees. Participants, who were an average age of 59 and mostly in good health and free of any serious mobility limitations when the study started, underwent assessments of cognition, motivation and activities once a year.
This work was supported by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research
Authors: Baer LH, Tabri N, Blair M, Bye D, Li KZ, Pushkar D
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2013 Sep;68(5):655-64. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbs112
Original manuscript published in the Journals of Gerontology http://psychsocgerontology.oxfordjournals.org/content/68/5/655.full
Canada’s Healthy Workplace Month http://healthyworkplacemonth.ca/en/
Concordia University’s Department of Psychology http://psychology.concordia.ca/
Centre for Research in Human Development http://crdh.concordia.ca/homee.html
Canadian Institutes of Health Research http://www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca/e/193.html
Article adapted by Medical News Today from original press release. Click 'references' tab above for source.
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