It is currently difficult to treat traumatic brain injury (TBI) in the clinic.
At 24 hours after traumatic brain injury, cytotoxic edema progressed, however, vasogenic edema decreased on the uninjured side; and on the injured side, the necrosis and the proliferation of glial cells were observed, as shown by hematoxylin-eosin staining.
Credit: Neural Regeneration Research
There are abundant neural network connections and humoral regulation mechanisms between the cerebral hemispheres.
Brain tissue on the uninjured side after TBI may also undergo abnormal changes, but these changes remain poorly understood.
Hong Lu and her team, Affiliated Haikou Hospital, Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University, in China performed a study to investigate whether apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurements can reflect cytotoxic edema on the uninjured side using diffusion tensor imaging.
They found that, on the injured side, vasogenic edema followed by intracellular edema appeared; on the uninjured side, the pathological changes occur later, cytotoxic edema followed by vasogenic edema was visible, but vasogenic edema tended to decrease with time. These results indicate that ADC values can accurately reflect the changes on the injured side, but do not reflect the changes on the uninjured side, giving a false-negative result.
Related results were published in Neural Regeneration Research (Vol. 9, No. 9, 2014).
Article: " The apparent diffusion coefficient does not reflect cytotoxicedema on the uninjured side after traumatic brain injury," by Hong Lu, Xiaoyan Lei (Department of Radiology, Affiliated Haikou Hospital, Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University, Haikou, Hainan Province, China)
Lu H, Lei XY. The apparent diffusion coefficient does not reflect cytotoxic edema on the uninjured side after traumatic brain injury. Neural Regen Res. 2014;9(9):973-977.