Video games might not be as bad for kids as we think, with new research showing interactive games like the Nintendo Wii can help non-typically developing children improve critical motor skills.
The research paper, published in the Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, reviewed 19 studies that investigated whether the use of active video games could help children's development.
Project supervisor Dr Lisa Barnett, from Deakin's School of Health and Social Development, said the analysis showed active video games could have a positive effect for helping non-typically developing children improve their balance, a critical gross motor skill - as long as they were supervised.
Dr Barnett said there was also some evidence the games could aid the motor skill development of children with cerebral palsy.
"Not all children have the opportunity for typical development, with motor skills deficits a key characteristic of many developmental disorders, including for children with intellectual disabilities, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Down syndrome and Cerebral Palsy," she said.
"Switching to active video games might bring benefits to children in these groups.
"These games involve moving the body during play and often mirror the naturalistic settings of the particular activity or sport, helping kids to master a particular skill in a low-pressure environment."
Lead researcher Zoey Page, a Master's student in Deakin's School of Health and Social Development, said the trials had monitored children using games consoles like Nintendo Wii, PlayStation Move, and Xbox 360 Kinect.
Ms Page said her study found the games provided much-needed motivation for children to participate in important physical therapy.
"Children like playing video games, so this could be great opportunity to engage them in developing their gross motor skills in a fun way," she said.
"For many of these kids it's also a way they can take part in a game with their siblings or friends on a more level playing field."
But Ms Page said the research indicated that for the full physical benefits to be felt, children needed to be guided in these activities."The best results came when children received guidance from professionals such as from physical therapists," she said.
"Our recommendation is that more research be done in the space, to allow an evidence-based approach in prescribing 'video game therapy' for non-typically developing children."
Dr Barnett said some of her team's previous research had established that active video games could also help non-typically developing children feel more confident about their physical abilities.
"We found that children with autism significantly improved their perception of motor competence after playing these games," she said.
"This might encourage more of these children to participate in sport, which we know can have huge benefits both physically and mentally.
"It's important that all kids can join in on the playground, and that means helping them to establish the ABCs of movement, gross motor skills like balancing, running and jumping."
Article: Do Active Video Games Benefit the Motor Skill Development of Non-Typically Developing Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review, Zoey E. Page, Stephanie Barrington, Jacqui Edwards, Lisa M Barnett, Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2017.05.001, published online 18 May 2017.