The workshop addressed not only improvements to existing healthcare systems but also how to efficiently respond to major health needs in remote areas of Africa and landlocked countries. Experts presented concrete examples of telemedicine-via-satellite services in order to demonstrate the relevance of space technology.
The workshop represents the first step by the European Commission's Directorate General for Development and ESA's Directorate of European Union and Industrial Programmes in implementing common initiatives within the framework of the European Union/African Union Infrastructure Partnership.
This initiative also takes into account the African Union Infrastructures and Energy Programme and considers that the African Union, in the framework of the Developing Telecommunication and ICT Policy and Infrastructure, has initiated and is supporting and facilitating a number of projects including:
-- Elaboration of a telecommunications and ICT policy framework for Africa
-- Creation of a pan-African e-network for telemedicine
-- Telecommunications figures prominently in the Africa-EU Partnership for Infrastructure.
Mr Stefano Manservisi, the European Union's Director General of Development opened the workshop, which was attended by health policy managers from the African Union, the African e-Commission and African Regional Economics Communities, who are seen as representatives of potential users.
Mr Giuseppe Viriglio, ESA's Director of European Union and Industrial Programmes, presented ESA's satellite telecommunication applications. He confirmed the Agency's interest in and willingness to continue its commitment to this common initiative.
Representatives of the African Regional Economics Communities and of the e-Africa Commission informed the workshop about the dramatic situation of African healthcare and provided information on the status of existing telecommunications infrastructures.
The workshop was also attended by satellite telemedicine technology experts from ESA, the World Health Organisation and European industry, including Alcatel Alenia Space, Medes, OP 2000, and Telespazio. Representative from the African Development Bank, the European Investment Bank and several European Commission Directorates also participated.
The workshop covered all telemedicine services and activities available via satellite and demonstrated the relevance of space technology for improving and complementing African health service structures.
In his concluding address to the workshop, Mr Manservisi said: \"We need of a complete picture of opportunities for telemedicine via satellite (and of other e-services as well) in the Sub-Sahara African regions.\"
Mr Manservisi then proposed the setting up a of a task force, composed of representatives from the African Organisations, ESA's Directorate of European Union and Industrial Programmes, the European Commission's Directorate General for Development and the World Health Organisation.
The task force will define a detailed roadmap identifying a suitable set of actions to be implemented before end of June 2006, including a cost-benefit study that will be carried out in order to evaluate the implementation a satellite based pan-African
telemedicine network. European Space Agency
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