Burn Hospitalizations On The Rise, USA
-- Almost one of every five admissions resulted from people being burned by a hot liquid, such as cooking oil, or scalded by hot vapors such as steam.
-- Burns from gasoline, lighter fluid and other highly flammable products accounted for the next largest share of admissions -3 percent - followed by burns from electrical appliances (10 percent); scalding by boiling tap water (5 percent); and chemical burns from acids and caustic or corrosive products (4 percent).
-- Nearly two out of three burn admissions were for patients younger than 45 years of age. Patients under age 18 accounted for 27 percent of admissions, while 18 to 44 year olds made up 38 percent. The elderly accounted for the smallest share of admissions (12 percent).
-- The average hospital stay for burn care cost hospitals almost twice that for all other conditions as a whole ($ 17,300 compared with $9,000). Hospital costs for burn victims cost hospitals $573 million in 2004.
This News and Numbers is based on data in Hospitalizations Stays for Burns, 2004, HCUP Statistical Brief # 25 (pdf). The report uses statistics from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, a database of hospital inpatient stays that is nationally representative of all short-term, non-federal hospitals. The data are drawn from hospitals that comprise 90 percent of all discharges in the United States and include all patients, regardless of insurance type as well as the uninsured.
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