They are native to South America, specifically Brazil, and were introduced by colonists to Africa and India. These regions are the largest producers of cashews today. Cashews are sold both raw or roasted, and salted or unsalted.
Cashews have recently been used to make dairy alternatives, such as cashew milk, cashew-based cheese and cashew-based cream sauces and sour cream.
This article is part of a collection of articles on the health benefits of popular foods.
It gives information on the nutritional value of cashews and their possible health benefits. You will also find some tips on how to include cashews in the diet and learn about any possible health risks.
Cashews are a good source of protein and minerals.
According to the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Nutrient Database, 1 ounce of raw cashews (28.35 grams) contains:
- 157 calories
- 8.56 grams (g) of carbohydrate
- 1.68 g of sugar
- 0.9 g of fiber
- 5.17 g of protein
- 12.43 g of total fat
- 10 milligrams (mg) of calcium
- 1.89 mg of iron
- 83 mg of magnesium
- 168 mg of phosphorus
- 187 mg of potassium
- 3 mg of sodium
- 1.64 mg of zinc
A 1-ounce serving of cashews is about 18 whole cashews. Cashews are high in monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats and a good source of protein.
Consuming a high proportion of plant-based foods appears to reduce the risk of many lifestyle-related health conditions.
The monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids found in cashews can help decrease LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels. This reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke, and heart attack.
A study published in the British Journal of Nutrition showed that the risk of coronary heart disease may be 37 percent lower in people who consume nuts more than four times per week compared with people who never or seldom consume nuts.
Cashew milk offers many of the benefits of fresh milk for those who prefer not to use dairy.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have approved a health claim for food labels that "eating 1.5 oz per day of most nuts as part of a diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol may reduce the risk of heart disease."
Cashews are a good source of magnesium, which plays an important role in over 300 enzymatic reactions within the body.
These include the metabolism of food and synthesis of fatty acids and proteins.
Magnesium is also involved in muscle relaxation and neuromuscular transmission and activity.
People with the highest intake of magnesium were found in the Framingham Heart Study to have a 58-percent lower chance of having coronary artery calcification and a 34-percent lower chance of abdominal artery calcification.
Limited data suggest that routine nut consumption is associated with a higher expenditure of energy while resting. This could have implications for weight management.
In addition, in trials that compare weight loss between food regimens that include or exclude nuts, regimes that include nut consumption in moderation were linked to greater weight loss.
A study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition in 2004 found that women who reported rarely eating nuts had a greater incidence of weight gain over an 8-year period than women who consumed nuts two or more times a week.
The researchers concluded that eating nuts does not lead to a weight gain, and that it may help maintain a healthy weight.
A review of studies published in 2017 concluded that nuts can help maintain a healthy weight. They may do this by helping a person feel full and contributing to thermogenesis, which is the production of heat in the body. This can help boost the metabolism.
According to a study in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, frequent nut consumption is associated with a reduced risk of needing surgery to remove the gallbladder.
In over a million people documented over a time span of 20 years, women who consumed more than 5 ounces of nuts a week had a significantly lower risk of cholecystectomy than women who ate less than 1 ounce of nuts each week.
Cashews are one of the few food sources that are high in copper. One ounce of cashews contains 622 micrograms of copper. For adults aged 19 years and over, the recommended intake for copper each day is 900 micrograms.
Severe copper deficiency is associated with lower bone mineral density and an increased risk of osteoporosis. More research is needed, however, on the effects of marginal copper deficiency and the potential benefits of copper supplementation for prevention and management of osteoporosis.
Copper also plays an important role in the maintenance of collagen and elastin, major structural components of our bodies. Without sufficient copper, the body cannot replace damaged connective tissue or the collagen that makes up the scaffolding for bone. This can lead to a range of problems, including joint dysfunction as bodily tissues begin to break down.
The magnesium in cashews is also important for bone formation as it helps with the assimilation of calcium into the bone. Manganese, another mineral in cashews, has been shown to prevent osteoporosis in combination with calcium and copper.
Cashews make a tasty addition to stir-fry dishes.
Nuts have a high-fat content, and they can become rancid. Keeping cashews in a cool, dark and dry place can improve their shelf life.
If stored properly, cashews will keep for a few months at room temperature, a year in the refrigerator or 2 years in the freezer.
Rancid nuts are not unsafe but have a sharp flavor most people find unpleasant.
- Make homemade trail mix with a mixture of cashews and other nuts, seeds, and dried fruit
- Make your own cashew butter (like peanut butter) by blending whole, raw cashews in a food processor until smooth
- Top main dishes such as fish or chicken with a mixture of chopped cashews and herbs before baking
- Mix cashews into your next salad or stir fry
- Use cashew milk as an alternative to dairy milk
Or, try these healthy and delicious recipes developed by registered dietitians:
- Baked halibut with garlicky kale and toasted cashews
- Mason jar lentil salad
- Sweet chilli chicken and cashew stir fry
Apart from plain and roasted cashews, other cashew products include cashew nut butter, cashew oil, and cashew-based beauty products. These are available for purchase online.
Cashews contain fat, but these are mostly unsaturated fats, which are healthful in moderate quantities.
Truly raw cashews are not safe to eat, as they contain a substance known as urushiol, found in poison ivy. Urushiol is toxic, and contact with it can trigger a skin reaction in some people.
Cashew kernels are often sold as "raw" in stores, but these have been steamed. This removes the toxins. These cashews are healthful.
Depending on the brand, salted and roasted cashews can contain high levels of salt and fat, which may not be healthful. It is best to check the label first and consume these nuts in small quantities.
Overall, it is better to eat a diet with variety than to concentrate on individual foods as the key to good health.