Arthritis is a condition where the joints become swollen, hot, and often painful. One joint that is commonly affected by arthritis is the knee, the largest joint in the body.
One form of arthritis is osteoarthritis (OA). With OA, the hard tissue that covers the ends of the bones in a joint begins to break down.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 52.5 million Americans over the age of 18 have a diagnosis of arthritis. Around 49.7 percent of adults aged 65 and older and 30.3 percent of people between 45 and 64 live with this condition.
Two main types of arthritis can affect the knees. OA is the most common. The other is rheumatoid arthritis (RA), which affects around 1.5 million Americans. Left untreated, RA may destroy affected joints over time.
People with arthritis should always consult a physician before beginning any exercise routine.
In addition to a doctor's recommendations, there are important things to consider:
- Start slowly. It is important to proceed slowly. People with arthritis should be highly attentive to their body's signals and stop if they experience any pain.
- Incorporate movement into daily life. People should try to keep joints limber by adding movement into their overall lifestyle. They should not just set aside a specific block of time for rigorous exercise while being inactive the rest of the time.
This list is compiled with that goal in mind. It includes a variety of movements that can be practiced at home or work, while standing, seated, and even lying down.
As people get used to the exercises and discover which ones work best for them, they should try adding them into daily activities. Many of these activities can be carried out during household chores or while sitting at a desk.
Any movement practice for knee pain caused by arthritis should be low-impact and easy to perform.
Each of these exercises will help with building strength, improving flexibility, or increasing stamina. This list also includes which muscles are targeted and any precautions to keep in mind.
Even with medications, the knee pain caused by OA can greatly impact on daily life.
However, exercise is another way that people with arthritis of the knee can reduce pain.
By regularly practicing some specific exercises, people can reduce knee pain, improve motion, decrease stiffness, and increase flexibility.
Even after practicing these movements for a while, people should always be sure to pay attention to changes in pain. Training regimes can be changed accordingly or stopped altogether.
It is important for people with arthritis of the knee to keep their doctor updated on what they're doing.
People with arthritis of the knee should try to lead an overall healthy lifestyle, make regular visits to their doctor, and continue taking any prescribed medications. Practicing these exercises may also reduce the harmful effects of knee arthritis.