Nutrition affects every aspect of health, and many people underestimate the value of a balanced diet in preventing disease and improving symptoms of current conditions.
Psoriasis, a skin disorder characterized by dry, itchy, and scaly skin, is one condition that may be helped by improving the diet.
Although the research is far from conclusive, there is evidence that eliminating gluten, swapping calorie-rich foods for low-calorie options, and choosing anti-inflammatory foods where possible could improve the symptoms of psoriasis.
In combination with medicine, nutrition may be a potent player in the fight against psoriasis.
Psoriasis is an autoimmune condition with symptoms that include drying, scaling, itchy skin. It is usually seen in adults, but children can also experience it.
The characteristic plaques of red, scaly skin stem from by a quicker-than-normal production of skin cells.
Psoriasis is a life-long condition, and its severity can fluctuate. Pharmacological treatment often aims to reduce skin cell production, in order to minimize flares, or the periodic worsening of symptoms.
Treatment for psoriasis is usually medical in nature.
Topical and oral medications are given to slow down the growth of skin cells, relieve irritation, and reduce inflammation.
Sunlight exposure was a common treatment in the early part of the 20th century, and
Vitamin D, a hormone produced by the body upon exposure to sunlight, may play a pivotal role in reducing symptoms. There is also some evidence to suggest that diet can have an impact on psoriasis.
There is little scientific data confirming that a particular diet can benefit people with psoriasis, but many of those with the condition claim that changing their diet brought beneficial effects.
Weight loss, a decrease in inflammation, and increased consumption of antioxidants are factors that may be associated with a reduction in symptoms following dietary intervention, but these have not been are not proven or replicated in all patients with psoriasis.
Below are some reasons why diet may help ease the symptoms of psoriasis in some patients.
Diet can assist weight loss efforts
Psoriasis has been linked with metabolic disorder, features of which include obesity. Losing excess weight through dieting efforts, for example, may help to reduce the severity of psoriasis, according to one
Inflammation associated with obesity may worsen the symptoms of psoriasis. A
Promoting a healthier lifestyle
Many individuals who improve their diet are also more motivated to exercise. Physical activity may help to reduce the severity of symptoms.
Patients with psoriasis may also experience a psychological benefit by taking control of their dietary choices in an effort to fight their disease.
Knowing that they are choosing healthier foods, and that these foods may potentially alleviate the symptoms of psoriasis, may provide a mental and emotional relief that could, in itself, help to reduce the symptoms.
Stress reduction, for example, can help to prevent a psoriatic flare. People with psoriasis should aim maintain a balanced diet, including all the foods they enjoy on a moderate basis.
There is no one-size-fits-all approach to improving psoriasis.
However, some diet tips may help people with psoriasis to reduce inflammation and enhance weight loss efforts, if necessary.
These tips include:
- Avoiding sugar: Excess sugar in the diet can worsen inflammation, so reducing or eliminating added sugars may be an important first step.
- Drinking plenty of water: Water provides hydration to every part of the body, including the skin. Consuming enough fresh, clean water throughout the day may help improve the texture, look, and feel of the skin.
- Avoiding gluten, if appropriate: For some people, eliminating gluten from the diet may help.
- Eliminating trans fats: Hydrogenated oils, sources of trans fats, are common in today’s packaged and fried foods. It is best to cut out all types of trans fats, as these can lead to inflammation.
- Choosing anti-inflammatory foods: Vegetables, berries, nuts, seeds, and spices are all anti-inflammatory. There is a lack of research to show whether or not these can improve psoriasis, but they may be a helpful addition for any person seeking to reduce inflammation.
Weight loss is an important lifestyle component for reducing inflammation, potentially helping to minimize symptoms associated with psoriasis.
Incorporating more nutrient-dense foods into the diet and reducing junk foods can assist in reducing excess weight and other metabolic parameters associated with excess inflammation.