Drinking alcohol may lead to inflammation and irritation in the stomach which results in bloating. It may last a few days but can last longer. Alcohol can also cause weight gain, giving the appearance of bloating.
Bloating after drinking alcohol can result from gastritis — an inflammatory condition that affects the stomach — or gas. Regular alcohol consumption can also lead to weight gain, which may feel like bloating.
Lifestyle changes, medications — or both — can help manage bloating or reduce alcohol-related weight gain.
In this article, we describe how alcohol can cause a bloated appearance in the stomach. We also look into how long alcohol-related bloating lasts and how to get rid of it.
Alcohol increases the risk of gastritis by raising acid levels in the stomach. At first, it may cause inflammation and stomach pain. Persistent high alcohol consumption, however, increases the risk of chronic gastritis, which involves stomach ulcers.
Gastritis can be erosive, allowing stomach acid to damage the stomach lining. This can lead to the development of stomach ulcers, or
Other types of gastritis are non-erosive and do not lead to peptic ulcers.
Some beverages and drink ingredients can cause bloating.
- sodas and juices, used as mixers
- sparkling wine
- sugar alcohols, such as sorbitol, often used as artificial sweeteners
Eating food while drinking can help slow the absorption of alcohol, but some foods can also increase the risk of bloating, including fatty foods.
Weight gain can also result from drinking alcohol. It can increase the size of the abdomen, but it is different from bloating.
Alcoholic drinks are typically high in calories.
regularbeer weighing 12 fluid ounces contains 153 calories.
- A glass of wine — at 5 fluid ounces — contains 125 calories.
- A single serving of distilled liquor measuring 1.5 fluid ounces typically contains 90–100 calories.
Mixing a drink with sodas or sweetened juices can also add calories. Consuming several alcoholic drinks can lead to a high calorie intake, and this can result in weight gain.
The duration of alcohol bloating will depend on its cause and the individual.
If it develops into chronic gastritis, however, symptoms may last for
A doctor may prescribe medications to protect the stomach lining from damage due to high levels of stomach acid.
- Antacids: These help reduce the harm from stomach acid. Examples include Rolaids and Alka-Seltzer.
- H2 blockers: These decrease the production of stomach acid and include Pepcid AC.
- Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs): PPIs, such as Protonix and Nexium, reduce the production of stomach acid.
Reducing alcohol consumption can also help manage weight, along with a balanced diet and regular exercise.
Here are some questions people often ask about alcohol bloating.
Why does alcohol cause bloating?
Consuming alcohol can lead to high levels of stomach acid. This can inflame the stomach lining, leading to irritation and bloating that can last a few days. Some alcoholic drinks, such as beer, can also cause boating due to gas.
How can you get rid of alcohol bloating?
Reducing alcohol intake is a first step. If you have discomfort due to occasional alcohol bloating, over-the-counter antacids, such as Alka Seltzer, may help settle the stomach. People with chronic gastritis will probably need long-term treatment that a doctor can prescribe.
How long does it take for alcohol bloating to go away?
Alcohol bloating due to acute gastritis usually disappears
Alcohol bloating can happen when a high alcohol intake causes stomach acid levels to rise. This can lead to inflammation and irritation of the stomach lining, knowns as acute gastritis. In the longer term, alcohol consumption can contribute to chronic gastritis, where persistently high levels of stomach acid cause stomach ulcers to develop.
Alcohol can also cause weight gain, which can resemble bloating. This weight gain stems from the high number of calories in many alcoholic drinks.
Drinking no more than