An asthma comorbidity is any condition that affects someone while they have asthma. Some common asthma comorbidities include allergic conditions, anxiety, obesity, and cardiovascular disease. In some cases, asthma comorbidities can worsen a person’s asthma.
Asthma is a common respiratory condition, affecting up to
Although asthma is a chronic condition, its comorbidities range from chronic to acute conditions. This article lists the most common asthma comorbidities.
According to a
Allergic rhinitis, or hayfever, is the most common asthma comorbidity, occurring in around
Allergic rhinitis is when allergens cause immune responses that affect the nose. This leads to symptoms such as sneezing, congestion, and a runny nose.
Allergic sinusitis occurred in around
This can cause congestion and pain, and swelling, especially around the forehead, nose, cheeks, and between the eyes.
The study also reported that atopic dermatitis, or eczema, occurred in around
Atopic dermatitis is a skin condition that causes chronic dry skin and rashes. People who have atopic dermatitis may also have very itchy skin.
Although its underlying mechanism remains unknown, scientists believe that atopic dermatitis may be the result of an overactive immune system.
Learn about the links between asthma, eczema, and allergies.
Food allergies occur when someone is prone to immune responses to specific foods. They can cause itchy skin, swelling, and breathing difficulties, among other symptoms.
Food allergies occurred in around
Asthma is a serious condition. It can cause decreased quality of life and can sometimes be life threatening.
Children with asthma can also experience problems with mental health.
According to a 2019 study on comorbidities in children with asthma, mental health problems occurred in
Anxiety, in particular, may commonly occur in children with asthma.
A 2019 study focusing on children with asthma found that
GERD is a form of acid reflux. Acid reflux is when stomach contents, including stomach acid, move upward into the esophagus (food pipe).
GERD can be a chronic condition. Its symptoms can include heartburn, nausea, and chest pain.
According to a
Vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) is when the vocal cords do not work correctly.
According to a 2020 study, roughly
With VCD, an individual’s vocal cords close when they inhale instead of opening up. This causes breathing problems that can manifest as shortness of breath, tightness in the chest, or a feeling of choking.
According to a review in
The review looked into the following CVD conditions:
- ischemic heart disease
- atrial fibrillation
- other arrhythmias
- heart attack and other cardiac events
- high blood pressure
The review authors estimate that, among individuals with asthma, CVD occurs in 3.5% of people between the ages of 18–30 years old. This figure rises to 70.4% in people who are over 65 years of age.
Evidence suggests that various respiratory diseases are common asthma comorbidities.
For instance, a review in Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology states that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) occurs in around
COPD causes breathing difficulties, coughing, and wheezing.
OSA is when an individual stops breathing for extended periods of time whilst asleep.
Diabetes is a condition in which the body cannot produce enough insulin or does not process it correctly. It can make it hard for someone to manage their blood sugar level.
According to a
Osteoporosis is when a person has low bone density. This means bones break easily, making people with osteoporosis prone to injuries such as bone fractures.
According to a review in Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology, osteoporosis occurs at a rate of
A review in Allergy, Asthma & Clinical Immunology estimates that around
Some asthma comorbidities resemble asthma in their symptoms. For example, as a
Diagnosing and treating asthma comorbidities could ease a person’s asthma symptoms. Given the vast number of different asthma comorbidities, treatment will vary greatly.
A person with asthma comorbidities should discuss treatment options with their doctor.
This section answers some frequently asked questions about asthma comorbidities.
Is asthma a comorbidity of COVID-19?
Not as such. However, people with asthma are
Is asthma a comorbidity of obesity?
Yes, obesity is a
The researchers also note that adults with obesity and asthma may experience improved asthma outcomes following weight loss.
Sometimes, an individual with asthma will develop other conditions. In children, common asthma comorbidities include allergies, anxiety, and GERD. In adults, they include obesity, vocal cord dysfunction, and cardiovascular disease.
In some cases, asthma comorbidities can worsen asthma symptoms or make the condition less manageable. Some combinations of conditions require a specialized treatment approach.