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Fertility tests monitor hormones and sperm count and may inform people how likely they are to become pregnant. At-home fertility tests for females and males are available to buy online.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that people who want to be pregnant and are
At-home fertility tests can be a helpful first step for people who want to conceive. People may receive results from a testing kit sooner than results from a fertility specialist.
Tests are available for males and females.
A 2015 systematic review found that
A test can tell whether a person is producing the right level of hormones and whether the sperm count, shape, and motility are within normal ranges to result in pregnancy.
However, these tests are not a replacement for an appointment with a doctor, such as a fertility specialist. It is a good idea to interpret the test results with the assistance of a healthcare professional.
These tests check for different factors, depending on whether a person is male or female.
At-home fertility tests for males
These generally check sperm count. Male fertility generally involves making and delivering sperm to a partner’s vagina through the semen that the penis ejaculates.
Factors that can influence male fertility
- sperm shape and motility, which is the sperm’s ability to move
- smoking, drinking alcohol, and using recreational drugs
- cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy
- hormone disorders, such as improper pituitary gland and hypothalamus function
- genetic conditions, such as Klinefelter syndrome and Y-chromosome microdeletion
- a range of other health conditions, including type 2 diabetes and cystic fibrosis
At-home fertility tests for females
These may check levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). Some tests also look at levels of other hormones that can affect fertility, such as estrogen and progesterone. These hormones also play important roles in puberty, ovulation, and pregnancy.
Tests that check LH levels can tell people when they ovulate. Having sex during ovulation may increase the likelihood of becoming pregnant. LH levels surge about
Ovulation tests, sometimes called OPKs, can help a person find the period when their fertility is highest. Another name for this period is the “fertile window.” If a person uses these tests regularly and the result is never positive, it can indicate that ovulation is not happening.
The process depends on the type of test and whether it is checking male or female fertility. There may also be differences from brand to brand.
Male fertility tests usually require a semen sample, and a person may have to send this to a lab for analysis.
Most FSH and LH tests involve urinating on a test strip and waiting for a result to appear. However, others require a blood sample, which a person can do at home with a finger prick. The testing kits provide instructions and tools.
Several online retailers sell at-home fertility testing kits. The following are a few options that a person might consider.
Please note, the writer has not tested these products. All the information below is research-based.
LetsGetChecked offers three female fertility tests:
- a progesterone test
- a female hormone test that checks levels of several female sex hormones, including FSH and LH
- an ovarian reserve test that can indicate the functioning of the ovaries
All of the company’s tests require a finger-prick blood sample, and they give results within 5 days of receiving the sample for analysis.
LetsGetChecked has a calculator on its website to help people tell when in their menstrual cycle to take each test. Prices vary depending on the type of test.
This test checks levels of five hormones, including LH, FSH, and thyroid-stimulating hormone. The results may indicate whether it would help to see a doctor about possible health issues that may be affecting fertility.
To use the test, a person needs to use a finger prick to collect a blood sample. After sending this to EverlyWell’s lab, a person receives their results within days on a smartphone or another device. The company pays the shipping costs.
EverlyWell offers this test as a one-time purchase or by subscription.
Mira Fertility Plus offers this way to help track ovulation and fertility. The test involves immersing a tool called a wand into urine and placing it in an analyzer, which sends the results to the person’s smartphone through an app.
This test checks levels of hormones that may indicate ovulation. Mira says that people may use this test up to 20 times per menstrual cycle for best results.
The company offers a 1-year warranty on analyzer devices and a 90-day money-back guarantee on wands.
Dadi offers sperm testing kits. A person collects the sample at home, sends it to the lab for analysis, and receives results within 24 hours.
The company can store several vials of sperm for free for 1 year, and it takes 10 videos of a person’s sperm. Each kit is tamper-proof, the company says, and it requires two-factor security authentication to view the test results.
All of Dadi’s tests are eligible for use with health savings accounts and flexible savings accounts (FSAs). The company offers three tests, each of which provides a different level of analysis.
This test includes a full-spectrum analysis of sperm count, vitality, concentration, and morphology.
A person collects the specimen at home and sends it to the company with prepaid shipping. Legacy may offer short-term complementary storage of sperm with some of its testing kits. People can purchase additional storage for a monthly or yearly fee.
Legacy offers three testing kits. The For Today kit analyzes one sample, offers short-term complementary sperm storage, and is FSA-eligible. The For Tomorrow kit analyzes two samples, and the Forever kit analyzes three samples and offers lifetime sperm storage.
Making certain lifestyle changes may boost fertility. The
- quitting smoking, drinking alcohol, and using recreational drugs, if applicable
- maintaining a moderate weight
- taking a prenatal vitamin with folic acid, the synthetic version of the B vitamin folate, for at least 1 month before trying to conceive and throughout pregnancy
- managing or treating any health conditions, such as sexually transmitted infections, diabetes, thyroid disorders, and high blood pressure
The CDC also describes several options for people who have difficulty conceiving. These
Some people may wish to speak with their doctors before trying to conceive. The doctor can recommend lifestyle changes and dietary supplements that may help.
If a fertility test indicates that conceiving might be challenging, contact a doctor. They can do additional testing and recommend next steps.
At-home fertility tests can help people tell when they are most likely to conceive. The tests check the levels of specific hormones and characteristics of sperm.
Fertility tests should not take the place of a doctor’s appointment. It can help to interpret the results with a healthcare professional, who can provide additional advice and, if necessary, treatment.