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Fertility tests monitor hormone levels and sperm count. They may inform people about their reproductive health and how to improve fertility. At-home fertility tests for females and males are available to buy online.
- Best comprehensive fertility test: LetsGetChecked Home Female Fertility Test
- Best subscription fertility test: Everlywell Women’s Fertility Test
- Best fertility test with app: Mira Plus Starter Kit
- Best fertility test for fast results: Ro Sperm Kit
- Best sperm storage fertility test: Legacy Sperm Analysis
- Best wearable fertility test: Ava Fertility Bracelet
- For semen analysis fertility test: Fellow Semen Analysis Kit
At-home fertility tests can help people who want to conceive. People may find a testing kit more convenient and private than seeing a fertility specialist.
Tests are available for males and females.
A test can tell whether hormone levels or sperm count, shape, and motility are within normal ranges.
However, these tests are not a replacement for an appointment with a doctor — ideally a fertility specialist. It is important to interpret the test results with the assistance of a healthcare professional.
Different types of fertility tests are available, and they work in different ways.
At-home fertility tests for males
A 2015 systematic review found that
Factors that can influence male fertility
- sperm morphology and motility, which refer to the sperm’s shape and ability to move
- smoking, drinking alcohol, and using recreational drugs
- cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy
- hormone disorders, such as abnormal pituitary gland and hypothalamus function
- genetic conditions, such as Klinefelter syndrome and Y-chromosome microdeletion
- a range of other health conditions, including type 2 diabetes and cystic fibrosis
At-home fertility tests for males generally check sperm count. They usually require a semen sample, which a person may have to send to a lab for analysis.
At-home fertility tests for females
Fertility tests for females may check the levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). Some tests also measure the levels of other hormones that can affect fertility, such as estrogen and progesterone. These hormones also play important roles in puberty, ovulation, and pregnancy.
Tests that check LH levels can tell people when they ovulate. Having sex during ovulation increases the likelihood of becoming pregnant. LH levels surge about
Ovulation tests, sometimes called ovulation predictor kits (OPKs), can help a person determine the period when their fertility is highest. Another name for this period is the “fertile window.” If a person uses these tests regularly and the result is never positive, it can indicate that ovulation is not happening.
Most at-home female fertility tests involve urinating on a test strip and waiting for a result to appear. However, others require a blood sample, which a person can produce at home with a finger prick. The testing kits provide instructions and tools.
Medical News Today’s methodology
MNT chooses at-home tests that meet the following criteria where possible:
- Laboratories: MNT will choose companies that process test samples in
CLIA-certifiedlabs. This means that they follow state and federal regulations.
- Budget: MNT chooses at-home tests that are suitable for a wide range of budgets.
- Privacy: MNT includes companies that offer robust and transparent privacy measures, such as data protection and discreet packaging.
- Test result communication: MNT selects companies that inform customers when they will receive their test results and whether they will receive them via email, app, or phone.
- Further support: MNT will indicate whether a company offers further support, such as a follow-up phone consultation with a doctor to discuss test results.
Please note that the writer of this article has not tried these products. All information is purely research-based and correct at the time of publication.
Medical News Today follows a strict product selection and vetting process. Learn more here.
Best comprehensive fertility test: LetsGetChecked Home Female Fertility Test
LetsGetChecked offers three female fertility tests:
- a progesterone test
- a female hormone test that checks the levels of several female sex hormones, including FSH and LH
- an ovarian reserve test that can indicate the functioning of the ovaries
All of the company’s tests require a finger-prick blood sample, and they give results within 5 days of receiving the sample for analysis.
LetsGetChecked has a calculator on its website to help people tell when in their menstrual cycle to take each test. Prices vary depending on the type of test.
Best subscription fertility test: Everlywell Women’s Fertility Test
This test checks the levels of five hormones, including LH, FSH, and thyroid stimulating hormone. The results may indicate whether it would help to speak with a doctor about possible health issues that may be affecting fertility.
To use the test, a person needs to use a finger prick to collect a blood sample. After sending this sample to Everlywell’s lab, a person will receive their results within days on a smartphone or another device. The company pays the shipping costs.
Everlywell offers this test as a one-time purchase or as part of a subscription.
Best fertility test with app: Mira Plus Starter Kit
Mira offers this test as a way to help track ovulation and fertility. The test involves immersing a tool called a wand in urine and placing it in an analyzer, which sends the results to the person’s smartphone through an app.
This test checks the levels of hormones that may indicate ovulation. Mira says that people may use this test up to 20 times per menstrual cycle for the best results.
The company offers a 1-year warranty on analyzer devices and a 90-day money-back guarantee on wands.
Best fertility test for fast results: Ro Sperm Kit
Dadi offers sperm testing kits. A person collects the sample at home, sends it to the lab for analysis, and receives the results within 48 hours.
The company can store several vials of sperm for free for 1 year. It states that each kit is tamper-proof, requiring two-factor security authentication to view the test results.
People can use health savings accounts (HSAs) and flexible spending accounts (FSAs) for all of Dadi’s tests. The company offers three tests, each of which provides a different level of analysis.
Best sperm storage fertility test: Legacy Sperm Analysis
This test includes a full-spectrum analysis of sperm count, vitality, concentration, and morphology.
A person collects the specimen at home and sends it to the company with prepaid shipping. Legacy offers complementary storage of sperm with some of its testing kits. People can purchase additional storage for a monthly or yearly fee.
Legacy offers three testing kits. The For Today kit analyzes one sample, offers short-term complementary sperm storage, and is FSA-eligible. The For Tomorrow kit analyzes two samples, while the Forever kit analyzes three samples and offers lifetime sperm storage.
Best wearable fertility test: Ava Fertility Bracelet
Ava offers a wearable bracelet to help a person track their 5-day fertility window. The company notes that its device can show the window up to 4 days sooner than hormone-based tests.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has cleared this wearable device, which means that it could be on its way to FDA approval.
The bracelet comes with three different buying options.
The basic option includes free shipping, access to a tracking app and online community, and the wearable tracker.
The other plans offer some additional perks, including a money-back guarantee if a person does not become pregnant within 12 or 6 months, depending on the level of the plan.
Best semen analysis fertility test: Fellow Semen Analysis Kit
Fellow offers an at-home semen analysis kit. The company claims that its system and labs are the only ones that exceed FDA standards.
A person needs to get a sample at home and then send it to the lab. The results come back quickly and include various information related to sperm health, including:
- number of sperm per milliliter of fluid
- number of sperm swimming
- how many sperm cells are present in total
- how well the sperm are swimming
Once the results are in, a person can review them on their personal device using the app.
|Brand||Collection method||HSA/FSA accepted||Claimed accuracy|
|LetsGetChecked Home Female Fertility Test||finger prick||no||uses certified labs|
|Everlywell Women’s Fertility Test||finger prick||yes||uses certified labs|
|Mira Plus Starter Kit||test strip||yes||99%|
|Ro Sperm Kit||ejaculation||no||uses certified labs|
|Legacy Sperm Analysis||ejaculation||varies||uses certified labs|
|Ava Fertility Bracelet||wearable braclet||eligible||99%|
|Fellow Semen Analysis Kit||ejaculation||no||uses certified labs|
In some cases, making certain lifestyle changes may boost fertility. The
- quitting smoking, avoiding alcohol, and refraining from using recreational drugs, if applicable
- maintaining a moderate weight
- taking a prenatal vitamin with folic acid, the synthetic version of the B vitamin folate, for at least 1 month before trying to conceive and throughout pregnancy
- managing or treating any health conditions, such as sexually transmitted infections, diabetes, thyroid disorders, and high blood pressure
The CDC also describes several options for people who have difficulty conceiving. These
If a fertility test indicates that conceiving might be challenging, it is best to contact a doctor. They can do additional testing and recommend what steps to take next.
Some people may wish to speak with a doctor before trying to conceive.
Below, we provide answers to some frequently asked questions about at-home fertility tests.
How much do at-home fertility tests cost?
Prices vary depending on the company and the sophistication of the test.
Often, simple test strips cost the least, while kits that require a person to mail samples to labs cost a bit more.
People concerned about costs can look into whether they can use their HSA or FSA dollars. Those with health insurance can also check whether their plan provider will cover the cost.
Are at-home fertility tests accurate?
Most tests claim to be close to 99% accurate. However, this may not be the case.
People who have questions or are still finding it difficult to get pregnant should speak with a doctor about their results and the next steps.
Does insurance cover at-home fertility tests?
Insurance companies do not have to cover fertility testing — both at home or in facilities — in most states. Only 15 states require any type of coverage, but it is often not sufficient to offset the cost.
At-home fertility tests can help people tell when they are most likely to conceive. The tests check the levels of specific hormones and the characteristics of sperm.
Fertility tests should not take the place of a doctor’s appointment. It can help to interpret the results with a healthcare professional, who can provide additional advice and, if necessary, treatment.