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Acne is a widespread skin condition that can affect anyone. Some people develop acne due to hormonal changes. Birth control pills influence hormones and could reduce acne in some people.
There are many ways to treat acne, and the American Academy of Dermatology states that anyone can experience clearer skin with effective acne treatment.
Birth control can be effective for treating acne in some people. This article provides information on how a person can find the best birth control for acne.
- promoting thicker mucus around the cervix to keep sperm from reaching the egg
- stopping ovulation, so there is no egg for sperm to fertilize
- making the womb a less welcoming place for a fertilized egg
Hormonal acne is the result of hormonal changes in the body. This means it may occur at times when hormones fluctuate, such as puberty or menopause.
Clogged pores are one of the main reasons for the blackheads, whiteheads, and cysts of hormonal acne. Excessive levels of sebum oil on the skin are typically a cause of clogged pores. Changing hormone levels can lead to excess sebum production.
Birth control pills can stabilize hormones at levels that help reduce acne.
Birth control can benefit the skin by lowering androgen levels, which decreases sebum production and can reduce acne.
Along with reducing androgen production in the ovaries and adrenal glands, CHCs lower the amount of testosterone in the bloodstream. The estrogen in birth control pills also helps lower oil production by the sebaceous glands.
CHCs are effective at reducing inflammatory and noninflammatory acne.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has
- Ortho Tri-Cyclen
In addition, Yasmin 28 and Alessa are alternative treatments for acne. However, they currently lack formal FDA approval.
The following are CHCs, meaning they contain progestin and estrogen and can help a person reduce acne:
This prescription drug is made from a combination of norgestimate and ethinyl estradiol. The amount of these hormones present in each pill varies each week. The FDA has approved it to treat acne vulgaris in menstruating people at least 15 years old.
This is a prescription drug with active ingredients that include norethindrone acetate and ethinyl estradiol. It has FDA approval to treat acne.
This is another prescription combination birth control pill with FDA approval for treating acne. Its active ingredients are drospirenone and ethinyl estradiol. In addition to preventing pregnancy and reducing acne, Yaz may help treat premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
The active ingredients in this prescription medication are drospirenone and ethinyl estradiol. People with a history of blood clotting problems should use caution if taking this medication. It currently lacks FDA approval for treating acne.
Levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol are the active ingredients in this prescription combination birth control pill. It currently lacks FDA approval for treating acne.
The table below compares the five birth control medications listed above.
|Ortho Tri-Cyclen||Estrostep||Yaz||Yasmin 28||Alesse|
|Ingredients||norgestimate and ethinyl estradiol||norethindrone acetate and ethinyl estradiol||drospirenone and ethinyl estradiol||drospirenone and ethinyl estradiol||levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol|
|FDA-approved for acne||yes||yes||yes||no||no|
|Contraindi-cations||having cardiovascular problems or smoking||having cardiovascular problems, diabetes, or other chronic conditions||having blood clots||having blood clots||having cardiovascular problems or smoking|
Although a prescription is necessary to purchase the best birth control for acne, it is possible to buy it through some online retailers. In addition to convenience and privacy, purchasing birth control online can sometimes be much cheaper.
These e-commerce sites typically require a person to share their health history and may include a telehealth session with a licensed medical professional. A professional will write a prescription if appropriate. The following are some of the leading websites for birth control pills:
Even the best birth control for acne has the potential to cause
- weight gain
- tender breasts
- irregular bleeding
If a person does not want to use birth control to treat their acne, they have other options. Depending on the type of acne a person has and the other treatments they have tried, a dermatologist could recommend:
- benzoyl peroxide
- azelaic acid
- salicylic acid
- topical antibiotics
- laser therapy
- corticosteroid injections
Lifestyle management techniques can also help people manage acne. They include:
- regularly using gentle, noncomedogenic skin care products
- lowering stress
- following a healthy diet and minimizing intake of refined carbohydrates and sugars
- getting enough sleep
Below are some of the most common questions and answers about acne and birth control.
Does birth control help acne?
How long does it take for birth control to work?
A person may need to take birth control pills for
When should someone speak with a doctor?
It is best to treat acne breakouts as soon as they appear. If recurring acne breakouts cause social, emotional, or psychological discomfort, speak with a doctor for evaluation and treatment options.
Acne is a common problem that can cause significant distress. Combination birth control pills are effective for preventing pregnancy and can also help reduce acne. Three CHCs currently have FDA approval for use as an acne treatment.
Although CHCs are prescription drugs, many are available online through telemedicine.