Is CBD legal?The 2018 Farm Bill removed hemp from the legal definition of marijuana in the Controlled Substances Act. This made some hemp-derived CBD products with less than 0.3% THC federally legal. However, CBD products containing more than 0.3% THC still fall under the legal definition of marijuana, making them federally illegal but legal under some state laws. Be sure to check state laws, especially when traveling. Also, keep in mind that the FDA has not approved nonprescription CBD products, and some products may be inaccurately labeled.
Medical News Today chooses CBD gummies for sleep that meet the following criteria:
Ingredients: The gummies must contain safe and high quality ingredients, and their labels must state all ingredients clearly. They should also confirm they are free from pesticides, heavy metals, and mold.
Uses: MNT includes CBD gummies that brands call out as effective for improving sleep or relaxation.
Dose: Products must clearly state the CBD dosage and the manufacturer must suggest a safe serving size.
Third-party labs: Products must undergo third-party testing for contaminants by an ISO 17025-compliant laboratory.
Available certificate of analysis: The company must demonstrate transparency and share a product’s certificate of analysis (COA) following receipt of its third-party lab results.
A note on CBD and melatonin
Medical News Today does not feature CBD products that contain melatonin. Melatonin products do not have FDA approval, and there is very limited research into how CBD may interact with added ingredients such as melatonin, vitamins, or minerals. There are also safety concerns around melatonin use in children.
In April 2023, researchers published a study showing that out of 25 melatonin gummy products, 88% had inaccurate labeling, and many did not contain the advertised melatonin dose.
The products in this article have passed Medical News Today’s strict product selection and vetting process. Learn more here.
A person may wish to consider the following when looking to purchase CBD gummies for sleep:
Organic ingredients: A person may prefer to ensure the ingredients a company uses are organic.
Third-party testing: Individuals should prioritize brands that ensure their CBD products are third-party tested. They should also display the lab report publicly online.
Potency: Those new to CBD products may wish to start with a lower potency or dose and gradually build up.
Ingredients: Not all CBD gummies are suitable for vegans, and some contain allergens like coconut. People should read ingredient labels carefully before buying CBD gummies and avoid products that do not show their ingredients list clearly.
Cost: CBD products typically range in price, and some can cost over $100. A person should consider their budget to ensure the product suits their needs.
Flavor: The flavor of a gummy may influence choice. A person may wish to avoid products with artificial flavors or colors.
CBD products are available online and at specialty retailers and some community pharmacies. Which outlet a person chooses to purchase from can come down to convenience, the range of products a store has, and an individual’s need for help and advice.
Shopping online is convenient and gives people access to a wide selection of CBD products. However, in-person shopping offers more opportunities for getting product advice.
In a 2021 survey of community pharmacists, around 48% said their stores sold CBD products. However, 49% said they were uncomfortable counseling on CBD products, while 74.5% said they would not feel comfortable recommending CBD products to consumers until more research became available.
While scientists need to carry out more studies into the use of CBD gummies for sleep, ongoing research indicates the following:
A 2019 study found that most participants with sleep disorders experienced an improvement in their sleep initially after taking CBD. However, these improvements did not last or remain consistent.
One 2020 study found that vaping a pure CBD product was ineffective against insomnia, but a product that contained CBD and roughly the same amount of THC found in full-spectrum products improved sleep.
To date, only one CBD product — a prescription drug called Epidiolex, which doctors use to treat three specific forms of severe epilepsy — has received full approval from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
No other CBD products, including gummies, are FDA-approved. Additionally, much of the current evidence that supports CBD for sleep is purely anecdotal.
The following are common questions about CBD gummies for sleep.
What strength of CBD is best for sleep?
Research has not determined a specific dosage of CBD for sleep.
Studies typically involve doses of 25–1,500 mg CBD. People should start with a low dose and increase it gradually until they get their desired effect.
People should stop using CBD and contact a qualified healthcare professional if they experience side effects.
Do CBD gummies work for sleeping?
CBD gummies may help a person fall asleep, especially those that contain higher doses of CBD. That said, it’s always best to start with a low CBD dose and work up.
Additionally, companies infuse gummies with CBD in different ways. If a company puts CBD on the outside of the gummy, a person can suck the gummy for a few minutes to let the CBD absorb. If CBD is inside the gummy, they may have to suck or chew it to release and absorb the CBD.
People should follow the company’s instructions regarding dosage and consumption.
Do all CBD gummies make you sleepy?
No, not all CBD gummies will make a person feel sleepy.
Some people will not feel much effect from CBD at all. Higher doses may have a higher chance of making a person tired.
How many CBD gummies should a person take for sleep?
Companies selling CBD gummies for sleep typically recommend taking 1–2 gummies.
People need to follow the manufacturer’s dosage recommendation and start at a low dose if they are new to CBD. The company should display dosages clearly on the product packaging.
What kind of CBD gummies are good for sleep?
Full-spectrum CBD may provide a more noticeable effect than broad-spectrum or CBD isolate. However, full-spectrum CBD includes THC, which can show up on drug tests.
A person new to CBD should always start with a low dose and work up to get the desired effect.
What is better for sleep, CBD or melatonin?
While CBD and melatonin are known to help with sleep, research into CBD is still in its early stages.
Research does not recommend melatonin for chronic insomnia.
Instead, melatonin may be better for jet lag, delayed sleep-wake phase disorder, and reducing anxiety.
CBD may help reduce anxiety and pain, thereby helping improve sleep in the short term.
People can consult a qualified healthcare professional to determine whether CBD or melatonin is best for their sleep needs.
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