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Salve is a type of ointment, spray, or balm that promotes healing or protection of the skin. People who engage in a lot of exercise, such as athletes, may use salve to treat muscle soreness or dry skin. Some salve products on the market contain cannabidiol (CBD).

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CBD comes from the Cannabis sativa plant. Producers make CBD oil by mixing CBD with a carrier oil. This process dilutes the CBD, creating a less potent product.

Some companies add CBD oil to salve. A salve is a product that a person applies directly onto the skin to protect it from damage or promote healing.

Learn about other CBD topical products here.

A very active person, such as an athlete, may use a salve for a range of minor training injuries. These may include:

  • muscle soreness
  • bruising
  • dry skin
  • blisters
  • chafing

Adding CBD oil may offer additional pain relief benefits, although research into the use of CBD salves for athletes is limited.

Few studies have explored the effects and benefits of CBD salves.

However, the authors of a 2016 study that examined the application of CBD gel onto rats’ skin conclude that it could reduce inflammation and pain.

Research examining CBD oil in three participants with epidermolysis bullosa, a rare disorder that causes blistering skin, suggests that applying CBD oil to the skin can promote faster wound healing, reduce blistering, and ease pain.

Learn more about using CBD oil for pain relief here.

Although these initial results are promising, scientists need to carry out further research to understand the benefits of using CBD oil on skin injuries.

People apply salves topically, so there is a very low risk of CBD entering the bloodstream. This means that CBD is unlikely to cause any impairment that could adversely affect athletic performance.

Learn more about the potential benefits of CBD here.

Potential risks

If a person experiences any of the following symptoms after using CBD salve, they should cease using the product and contact a doctor:

  • a rash
  • irritation
  • swelling

Is CBD legal?The 2018 Farm Bill removed hemp from the legal definition of marijuana in the Controlled Substances Act. This made some hemp-derived CBD products with less than 0.3 percent THC federally legal. However, CBD products containing more than 0.3 percent THC still fall under the legal definition of marijuana, making them federally illegal but legal under some state laws. Be sure to check state laws, especially when traveling. Also, keep in mind that the FDA has not approved nonprescription CBD products, and some products may be inaccurately labeled.

Medical News Today chooses products that meet the following criteria:

  • Ingredients: Products contain safe and high-quality ingredients and state all ingredients clearly. They are free from pesticides, heavy metals, and molds, according to the certificate of analysis.
  • Dosage: Products contain or recommend a serving size of a safe CBD dosage. Also, manufacturers clearly state dosage.
  • Third-party laboratories: Products undergo third-party testing for contaminants by an ISO 17025-compliant laboratory.
  • Laboratory results: Products are from brands that make their testing results publicly available.

For advice on how to shop for CBD products, see this guide.

Please note that the writer of this article has not tried these products. All information presented is purely research-based and correct at the time of publication.

Joy Organics CBD Salve

Best overall CBD salve

This product comes in two sizes: 500 or 1,000 milligrams (mg). The manufacturer claims it can support healthy muscles and joints.

The product contains broad-spectrum hemp CBD. This means it contains other compounds and cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant, such as CBC, CBN, or terpenes. It does not contain tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is the component that people may associate with the “high” of cannabis.

Learn more about THC here.

This salve contains eucalyptus oil, which has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. It also contains beeswax, which has an antimicrobial effect. This salve may help kill pathogens and prevent or stop an infection.

Prices start from $54.95.

Learn more about Joy Organics here.

CBDistillery CBDol Topical CBD Balm

Best for pain relief

The manufacturer claims that this product provides localized relief to parts of the body that may be experiencing strain. A person will need to apply the product liberally to the area they want to treat.

The product uses full-spectrum, hemp-derived CBD extract. A full-spectrum CBD product means it contains all the cannabinoids that naturally occur within the cannabis plant, including THC.

Learn more about full-spectrum CBD here.

This product also contains almond oil, which may have anti-inflammatory properties, and lavender oil. A 2016 study in rats found that lavender oil may promote wound healing.

A 500-mg tub is available for $60.

Simply Pure CBD Pure Relief Salve

Best for joints and muscles

This salve contains 500 mg of broad-spectrum, hemp-derived CBD extract. Broad-spectrum CBD typically contains no THC.

The product also contains lavender and eucalyptus oils, both of which may provide pain relief.

The manufacturer claims that this salve is suitable for people wishing to support proper joint and muscle function.

A 500-mg tub is available for $59.95.

There are other ways a person can reduce muscle or joint pain associated with doing sports. Some people choose these options alongside CBD salves. The options include:

  • Massage: Sports massages may improve flexibility and reduce delayed onset muscle soreness.
  • Stretching: An older article exploring the benefits of stretching highlights that it can benefit shoulder, back, and knee pain.
  • Ice: Ice may act as a local anesthetic by numbing the sore tissue and slowing down the pain messages from the brain. When using ice, a person should never put it directly on the skin. Instead, they should always wrap it in a cloth or towel.
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs: There are certain over-the-counter medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, that can help reduce pain and inflammation. However, this is not a long-term solution.
  • Bath salts: Older research suggests that soaking in bath salts may reduce inflammation and relieve irritation.

The following are common questions and answers about CBD salves for athletes:

Is CBD prohibited for athletes?

The World Anti-Doping Agency does not prohibit CBD. It is therefore legal for athletes to use it.

Will using CBD cause someone to fail a drug test?

People expecting to take a drug test may want to avoid using CBD products in the days preceding the test, as some CBD products may contain trace amounts of THC, which may result in a failed test.

Learn more about CBD and drug tests here.

What form of CBD is best for athletes?

Athletes may prefer to use broad-spectrum or isolate CBD products, as these contain the lowest amount of THC compared with full-spectrum CBD products.

Learn more about the different types of CBD here.

Individuals who engage in a lot of exercise, such as athletes, may experience blisters, dry skin, muscle soreness, and chafing. Applying salve can heal and protect the skin from these injuries.

There are a variety of salves on the market that may reduce inflammation and pain. Some athletes opt for CBD salves because they offer quick relief, often taking effect within 10–15 minutes, and may last for a few hours.

A person may consider using CBD salve products in combination with massages, stretching, or ice to help address minor injuries.