Doctors often prescribe beta-blockers for migraine prevention. They can be effective but may not be suitable for people with some conditions. They may also cause some side effects.
Beta-blockers are a type of medication that can
Predominantly, a doctor may prescribe beta-blockers for heart conditions. However, they can also
Migraine is a type of headache. People with migraine have severe pain and throbbing on one side of their head. They may also experience nausea, vomiting, and be more sensitive to light. Medications, such as beta-blockers, can help prevent and relieve migraine symptoms.
Read on to learn more about how beta-blockers can help with migraine and if some are more effective than others.
Beta-blockers are medications that
Scientists are still
Some beta-blockers that may not be effective for migraine prevention include:
Other side effects may include:
- weight gain
- symptomatic hypotension — feeling lightheaded when standing or sitting
- a cold feeling in the extremities
- dry skin, mouth, or eyes
- bradycardia, or a slower-than-usual heart rate
- bronchospasm, or tightening of muscles that line the airways in a person’s lungs
- dyspnea, a sensation of running out of air or not being able to breathe fast or deep enough
- alopecia, or hair loss
- disturbances in a person’s sight
- sexual dysfunction
- changes to a person’s metabolism, the way their body changes food and drink into energy
Beta-blockers may cause people with these conditions to have bronchospasm. This is a condition where the muscles in a person’s airway spasm and contract. They may also be detrimental to people with:
- drinking lots of fluids, especially if they experience vomiting with their migraine
- putting an ice pack or cool cloth on their forehead
- napping or resting in a quiet and darkened room with closed eyes
- drinking small amounts of caffeine during the early stages of migraine
Other treatments and medications for migraine include:
- medications to prevent migraine, such as:
- medications to relieve migraine symptoms, such as
- lasmiditan and ubrogepant tablets
- ergot derivatives — most effective during the early stages of the migraine
- nonprescription analgesics or over-the-counter (OTC) drugs, such as ibuprofen, aspirin, or acetaminophen
- nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- nausea relief drugs
- brief prescriptions of narcotics
People should seek professional medical advice before taking any medication for migraine.
Some natural treatments for migraine may include:
- riboflavin, or vitamin B2
- butterbur, a medicinal plant
- coenzyme Q10, a vitamin-like substance often sold as a health supplement
Lifestyle changes or methods may help reduce or prevent migraine for some people. These include:
- avoiding any foods or beverages that trigger headaches
- eating regular meals
- staying hydrated
- having a regular sleep schedule
- maintaining a medically recommended weight
- stopping any medications that may cause migraine, after consulting with a doctor
Learn more about home remedies for migraine.
A doctor may prescribe beta-blockers for managing and preventing migraine. These medications can help reduce the frequency, duration, and severity of migraine headaches people have. Several types of beta-blockers are effective in helping with migraine.
Beta-blockers can have side effects and may not be suitable for individuals with some conditions. People should seek professional medical advice before taking any migraine medication.