Various types of bone cancer may occur in the hip. A hip tumor may cause a person to experience pain, swelling, or fractures.
Bone cancer in the hip is rare. Primary bone cancers, which begin in the bone, account for
This article outlines the types of cancer that can affect the hip. It also discusses symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
The following types of bone cancer may affect the hip:
Osteosarcoma is the
Osteosarcoma can begin in any bone. In younger people, it usually develops in the bones around the knee or in the upper arm bone. It may develop in the hips, shoulder, or jaw in older adults.
Chondrosarcoma is the
Chondrosarcoma begins in the cartilage. It usually develops in the hip, leg, or arm bones, but it can affect other areas, too.
Ewing sarcoma is a cancer that can begin in bones and soft tissue but
Multiple myeloma is a cancerous tumor that forms in the bone marrow and can affect any bone in the body. It most commonly affects people aged 50–70 years.
Chordoma is a cancer that grows slowly in the tissue within the spine. It is often found near the tailbone, called a sacral tumor, or where the spine and skull meet, called a clival tumor.
Chordoma is a rare type of cancer that affects
Leukemia is a cancer that begins in the bone marrow. It occurs due to bone marrow producing abnormal white blood cells, which grow uncontrollably and replace healthy cells.
Leukemia and other bone marrow disorders may cause bone and joint pain. Pain occurs when cancer cells cause overcrowding in the bone marrow.
People may experience pain and swelling in the larger joints, such as the hips and shoulders, several weeks after the initial bone pain.
Metastatic bone cancer
Metastatic bone cancer is not primary and does not begin in the bones. Metastatic bone cancer is cancer that starts in another area of the body and spreads to the bones.
Any cancer may spread to the bones, but the cancers that most
Common sites for bone metastases include:
- upper leg bone
- upper arm bone
Doctors refer to and treat any metastatic cancer as the original cancer rather than bone cancer.
Symptoms of bone cancer in the hip
- pain, which may worsen with movement or at night and may become more constant over time
- fractures due to the weakening of the bone, which may cause sudden, intense pain
- a lump or swelling in the area
- numbness, tingling, or weakness if a tumor presses on nerves
- unexplained weight loss
The causes of bone cancer may depend on the type. Changes to the DNA in bone cells
Risk factors for bone cancer
To diagnose bone cancer, doctors
Doctors will decide on the best course of treatment depending on:
- the type and stage of bone cancer
- the size and location of the tumor
- a person’s age and overall health
Treatment options for bone cancer
- Surgery: Surgery aims to remove the whole tumor. A surgeon will use specific techniques to remove the cancerous cells while causing the least damage to surrounding healthy cells.
- Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy drugs work to destroy cancer cells. People may have chemotherapy before surgery to reduce the tumor.
- Radiation therapy: Doctors use high energy X-rays to destroy cancer cells. People may have radiation therapy before or after surgery to remove all of the cancer.
- Cryosurgery: This procedure uses liquid nitrogen to freeze cancer cells. People may undergo cryosurgery if traditional surgery is not possible.
- Targeted therapy: Targeted therapy drugs target certain molecules that allow cancer cells to grow and spread.
Bone cancer in the hip is rare. Bone cancer may cause pain and swelling in the hip, but this is usually due to another condition. It is important to consult a doctor about persistent hip pain with an unknown cause.
Treatment for bone cancer in the hip will depend on the type and stage of the cancer and may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or targeted therapy drugs to remove and destroy cancer cells.