Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an umbrella term for conditions that result in breathing difficulties. As it affects the lungs, it can increase the risk of severe complications from COVID-19. Therefore, it is advisable for those living with COPD to get a COVID-19 vaccine as soon as possible.
COPD refers to a group of conditions that limit the functioning of the airways and causes trouble breathing. Evidence suggests that in 2018, more than 16 million people in the U.S. reported a diagnosis of COPD. As COVID-19 may lead to mild to severe respiratory problems, people with COPD are at a higher risk of more severe illness from COVID-19 due to their existing lung problems.
Evidence suggests that the COVID-19 vaccines available to those in America are safe and effective. Research also indicates that the vaccines are suitable and efficacious for people living with COPD.
In this article, we will discuss the safety and efficacy of the available COVID-19 vaccines for people living with COPD.
In general, it is advisable for everyone to receive a COVID-19 vaccination. According to the American Lung Association, people with lung disease, such as COPD, should get a COVID-19 vaccine.
While COPD itself is
As a result, it is highly advisable for people living with COPD to receive a vaccination as soon as it is feasible. The vaccines provide
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) suggest that the only people who should not receive a COVID-19 vaccine are those with a
To further reduce risk, It is important that family members and friends also receive the vaccine and all people continue practices, such as hand washing, physical distancing, and wearing masks, to provide the most protection for those that are most vulnerable.
Vaccine efficacy refers to two things: how well the vaccine performs in ideal conditions and the percentage reduction in a disease in a group of people who received a vaccination in a clinical trial.
Currently, there is no data on the efficacy and effectiveness of the COVID-19 vaccines specifically in people with COPD. However, all
All authorized vaccines in the U.S. undergo stringent protocols to
In the United States, the
- injection site soreness
- redness or swelling at the injection site
- muscle pain
Currently, in the U.S., the following vaccines are available under
- Pfizer. The
Pfizer-Biotech vaccineis an mRNA vaccine injected into the muscle in the shoulder in a series of two shots 21 days apart.
- Moderna. The
Moderna vaccineis also an mRNA injected into the muscle and administered in two shots spaced 1 month apart.
- Johnson & Johnson. The
Johnson & Johnson vaccineis a viral vector vaccine that involves a single dose injected into the muscle.
There is no evidence to suggest that one vaccine is necessarily superior to the others, so health experts recommend getting any of the vaccines available, as they all provide protection against COVID-19. Individuals getting either the Pfizer vaccine or the Moderna
In August 2021, the
Receiving the COVID-19 vaccine will not interfere with COPD treatments. Typically, COPD treatment
Since people with COPD are at an increased risk for developing complications from respiratory infections, getting additional vaccines is vital. The
- Influenza (annual vaccine to prevent the flu)
- Pneumococcal (vaccine to prevent pneumonia)
- Tdap (vaccine to prevent tetanus, diphtheria, and whooping cough)
- Zoster (vaccine to protect against shingles)
A person’s doctor may also recommend additional vaccines depending on a person’s lifestyle, age, and underlying conditions. A person can use this tool to see what other vaccines they may require.
It is important to contact a doctor if vaccine
If signs of a serious allergic reaction occur after getting the vaccine, people should seek emergency medical attention. Signs of an allergic reaction can include:
- trouble breathing
- throat or tongue swelling
Individuals living with COPD are at a higher risk of severe complications of COVID-19, which makes them a higher priority for receiving the vaccine. Evidence suggests that the available vaccines are safe and effective for people with COPD. As a result, health experts recommend that people living with COPD should get their COVID-19 vaccination as soon as it is available to them.