Research into the effects of COVID-19 is ongoing. However, early evidence suggests a link between heart disease and COVID-19 complications.
COVID-19 attacks the blood vessels and, in some cases, infects the heart. This
People with preexisting heart disease or heart disease risk factors also risk developing severe COVID-19 complications.
Researchers do not fully understand COVID-19. Research into its role in heart disease continues. However, early data shows a clear link between heart disease and COVID-19 complications.
People with heart disease can reduce their risk of COVID-19 complications by managing their heart disease and controlling risk factors.
Additionally, people can lower their risk of developing COVID-related heart disease by getting the COVID-19 vaccine, masking when appropriate, and avoiding people who are sick.
This article explores the link between COVID-19 and heart disease.
The coronavirus that causes COVID-19 infects certain cells with the ACE-2 receptor, which is found on endothelial cells. This suggests that COVID-19 may have the same effect on the heart as on the lungs.
Damage to the endothelial tissue makes it harder for the body to prevent dangerous clots and causes inflammation.
According to another
This suggests that even in healthy people with mild COVID-19, the coronavirus may damage the heart, triggering long-term disease.
Heart disease is
Researchers do not fully understand why this occurs, but
Instances of the following conditions can increase in people after having COVID-19:
Public health officials have considered heart disease a risk factor for severe COVID-19 infection and death since the early days of the pandemic.
Some heart disease risk factors
Additionally, merely having COVID-19
Because COVID-19 can increase the risk of heart disease even in healthy people, it is a good idea to have a checkup after recovering from COVID-19. A doctor can assess a person’s heart health and determine whether a referral to a cardiologist is appropriate.
A person should also contact a doctor if they:
- develop new or worsening symptoms of heart disease, such as:
- high blood pressure
- chest pain
- shortness of breath
- swollen legs
- low energy
- experience symptoms of long COVID
- have symptoms of severe COVID-19, such as difficulty breathing
People should seek emergency care for sudden symptoms, such as:
- chest pain
- loss of consciousness
- signs of stroke, such as a drooping face
COVID-19 is a heart disease risk factor even in healthy people.
Heart disease is also a risk factor for severe COVID-19. People with preexisting heart disease or heart disease risk factors may have a higher risk of heart attack and other serious complications after having COVID-19.
Preventing COVID-19 may lower a person’s risk of heart problems. If a person has already had COVID-19, a heart-healthy lifestyle that reduces risk factors can help manage their heart health.