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Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the medical term for trouble getting or maintaining an erection that is satisfying for sexual activities. Doctors for ED include urologists, endocrinologists, cardiologists, and mental health professionals.

A quick look at the best doctors for ED

ED is common, even among people who are young and otherwise healthy. Its prevalence increases with age.

Occasional ED is not always a cause for concern, but if trouble with erections is frequent or getting worse, the cause may be an underlying health condition that needs treatment.

This article describes which medical specialists and telehealth options can help people with ED. It also explains what may happen at the appointment and lists some questions a person can consider asking the doctor.

A person may speak with a primary care physician or family doctor if they have any concerns about erectile dysfunction. A medical professional can do an examination, diagnose ED, and prescribe treatments. They will also suggest which specialist to see if a person needs further tests to determine the cause of their ED, which may include urologists, endocrinologists, or cardiologists.

A person may wish to consider seeing a primary care physician who specializes in male sexual health.

People usually first raise concerns about ED with their primary care physician or family doctor.

The doctor will ask about the person’s symptoms and medical history. They may also ask if there is a family history of diabetes or heart disease, which are two conditions that can sometimes cause ED.

The doctor may order simple blood work to help determine if the ED stems from an underlying health condition.

Depending on the consultation and blood test outcomes, the doctor may refer the person to a specialist. The type of specialist depends on the most likely cause of ED at this point.

Below is a look at some of these medical specialists in more detail.

Best for sexual health: Urologist

A urologist is a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating conditions of the urinary tract and is an expert in male sexual health.

They may help diagnose and treat:

A person with ED may receive a referral to a urologist if:

  • Their current treatment is not working.
  • Their primary care physician suspects a health issue is affecting the urinary or reproductive system.
  • They have a long-term urinary or reproductive condition that increases their risk of ED.

Learn more about how a urologist can help with ED.

Best for heart and cardiovascular conditions: Cardiologist

Heart disease and ED share many risk factors. ED can sometimes signal an underlying issue with the heart, and cardiovascular problems can increase the risk of developing ED.

A cardiologist is a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating conditions of the heart and blood vessels. A person may receive a referral to a cardiologist if:

  • They have preexisting heart or cardiovascular disease.
  • They are at risk for this kind of health issue.
  • They have a family history of heart or cardiovascular disease.
  • Their primary care physician or urologist cannot diagnose another cause of ED.

Best for hormonal conditions: Endocrinologist

An endocrinologist is a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating hormonal conditions. They may treat imbalances in testosterone or estrogen and conditions such as diabetes.

An appointment with an endocrinologist usually involves blood work and answering questions about lifestyle and sexual history.

Depending on the cause of ED, the doctor may prescribe or recommend:

Best for psychological support: Mental health professionals

Mental health conditions can cause ED, and they can also develop in response to it.

For example, the following are sometimes the primary cause of ED:

A psychotherapist or psychiatrist may recommend talking therapy, medication, or a combination.

Read our in-depth review of the best online therapies.

Medical News Today chooses telehealth providers for ED that meet the following criteria:

  • Licensed in the United States: We only choose companies that use U.S.-licensed healthcare professionals who review all assessments and prescribe medication.
  • Legitimate medication: We only select companies that provide ED medication with Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval.
  • Privacy: We only choose companies with a clear privacy policy, comply with Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) laws, and offer products in discreet packaging.
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It is possible to receive help for ED via an online or telehealth platform. Many of these companies advertise ED services because speaking with a doctor in person can make some people uncomfortable.

However, many health conditions that can cause ED require in-person testing. For example, a doctor cannot diagnose diabetes or cardiovascular disease online.

As a result, doctors offering online services may prescribe medication as a short-term ED treatment. They will usually recommend an in-person follow-up appointment with a specialist. This is especially likely if a person has other symptoms or is at risk of conditions such as diabetes or heart disease.

Below are some telehealth companies offering prescription ED medication that a person can consider.

The table below provides a comparison table for the telehealth companies discussed in this article.

Medication available• Viagra
• generic Viagra
• Cialis
• generic Cialis
• daily generic Cialis
• hard mints
• chewable sildenafil
• chewable tadalafil
• generic Viagra
• generic Cialis
• Cialis
• generic Viagra
• daily generic Cialis
Price range$2–$90 per dose$4–$32 per dose• from $2–$8 per dose
$25 consultation fee
Free shippingyesyesyes
Shipping time2–4 business days5–7 business days2–3 business days

Read our in-depth review of the safest ED pills.

A person may answer a wide range of questions during their first appointment for ED. The more information a person can provide, the greater the likelihood that the doctor can diagnose the cause of the ED.

The doctor may ask:

  • When did the ED begin?
  • Does the ED occur all the time or only some of the time?
  • Does it occur before or during sex?
  • Do you have problems with arousal?
  • Is it possible to ejaculate or orgasm during sexual activity or masturbation?
  • Are your erections painful?
  • Have you noticed any lumps in the penis?
  • Is penetration difficult?
  • Typically, how firm are your erections?
  • Do you wake up with an erection?

The doctor may also ask about lifestyle factors such as diet and exercise habits.

Diagnostic procedure

To diagnose ED, a doctor may perform the following tests:

When seeing a doctor about ED, it may help to ask:

  • What are the most likely causes of ED in someone my age, with my overall health?
  • Will treating an underlying medical issue fix the ED? How long will it take to see results?
  • Are there any other symptoms I should watch for?
  • What are the risks and benefits of ED medication?
  • Are there any other treatment options?
  • Could lifestyle changes help?

The treatment options for ED depend on its cause. The sections below describe some potential treatments in more detail.


One popular ED treatment is Viagra, and its active ingredient is sildenafil. This works by increasing blood flow to the penis.

Sildenafil may be a suitable treatment option when ED:

  • is occasional
  • is age-related
  • has no underlying cause that a doctor can find

Lifestyle changes

A doctor may recommend the following lifestyle changes to help treat ED:

  • quitting smoking
  • avoiding or limiting alcohol consumption
  • getting regular exercise
  • having a balanced diet
  • receiving treatment, including counseling, for any mental health conditions that may be contributing to ED, such as:
  • going to couples counseling to explore ways of managing ED with a partner

Treatments for underlying health conditions

ED can sometimes result from a medical condition, such as diabetes or heart disease. In some cases, treating the underlying health issue resolves the ED or keeps it from getting worse.

Some other options for ED treatment include:

  • Testosterone injections: For those with low testosterone, testosterone injections may be a suitable ED treatment. Research shows that long-term treatment may be effective for alleviating ED. The researchers also state that this treatment reduces cardiometabolic risk factors and the risk of prostate cancer.
  • Vasodilator injections: A person can self-administer an injection of a vasodilator drug into the penis, which helps promote blood flow. This additional blood flow allows for an erection.
  • A penis pump: A penis pump is a handheld device that a person holds over their penis. The vacuum mechanism pulls blood into the penis to help develop and sustain an erection.
  • Penile implant surgery: In cases of ED that have not responded to other treatments, a doctor may recommend penile implant surgery. During this surgery, surgeons place an inflatable or rigid rod device inside the penis. This allows a person to maintain an erection.

ED can be difficult to live with, and it can affect a person’s self-esteem, sex life, and relationships.

However, it is often treatable. If they have one, a person may wish to be open with their partner and involve them in the treatment process. Research has shown that involving partners during medical treatment for ED can improve treatment outcomes.

Learn more about how to deal with ED in a long-term relationship.

If ED is having a significant effect on a person’s mental health, they may want to consult a doctor. A medical professional may suggest seeing a therapist to learn about techniques for coping with the psychological effects of ED.

A person may want to seek medical advice about ED as soon as possible to move their diagnosis and treatment process forward quickly.

The best doctor for ED will depend on the cause of a person’s ED. A person may initially see a primary care physician or family doctor to discuss ED. A medical professional can carry out a full examination and prescribe treatment.

They can also suggest seeing specialists if necessary. The type of specialist a person sees will depend on the suspected cause of ED. For instance, urologists are experts in male sexual health, while endocrinologists are specialists in hormones, and cardiologists will understand if a heart condition is causing ED.

Yes, a doctor can fix a person’s ED in most cases. They may prescribe medication or refer a person for surgery in more severe cases. They will also treat any underlying conditions that are causing ED.

Urologists specialize in the urinary tract and male reproductive system. These specialists will take a medical history and physical exam. They may also order blood, urine, or injection tests and perform an ultrasound on the penis.

A urologist may address ED with medication, lifestyle changes, or surgery. They will recommend the most appropriate treatment depending on what is causing a person’s ED.

A person needs a prescription for medications such as Viagra or Cialis. A primary care physician or a doctor at a telehealth company may provide it.

The healthcare professional will review the person’s symptoms and medical history. They will then prescribe a medication that best suits the person’s needs.

Some companies sell herbal remedies for ED, but people can speak with a healthcare professional before taking any of these.

The FDA warns that many over-the-counter ED products have undisclosed amounts of prescription medications, which may cause severe side effects.

It can help to go to an appointment prepared with a list of questions, especially if ED is causing any anxiety. A person might ask:

  • Which medication or treatment is most suitable for me?
  • Does my insurance cover the cost of any treatment?
  • Will the medication interact with anything else I am taking?
  • What are the possible side effects?
  • How long does it take for the treatment to start working?
  • What are the next steps if this does not work?
  • Will I need to see a specialist?
  • Could any lifestyle changes help?

A healthcare professional is comfortable discussing ED. If anyone feels their doctor is not taking their concerns seriously or is not providing the expected level of care, they can ask for a different doctor.

A person may contact a primary care physician or family doctor first, as seeing a specialist may not always be necessary. A doctor can often diagnose ED and prescribe treatments. They may only suggest seeing a specialist if more tests are needed or if they cannot confirm an ED diagnosis.

ED is common and can occur at any age. It may cause frustration, worry, and embarrassment.

An occasional inability to get or maintain an erection is not necessarily a cause for concern. However, frequent ED could signal an underlying mental or physical health condition that requires treatment.

Anyone with ED symptoms may wish to consult a doctor for a diagnosis and treatment. An online doctor may prescribe a short-term treatment, but diagnosing the cause usually requires in-person testing. This diagnosis is necessary for treating ED in the long term.