Drama therapy is a form of psychotherapy. It involves using drama and theatre techniques to help people resolve conflicts and problems. It may also allow individuals to develop self-awareness, express emotions, and improve relationships.
This form of therapy can be useful for people of all ages, including children, adolescents, and adults. Although there is a lack of large-scale studies on the technique, drama therapy appears to be helpful for certain issues, including trauma, abuse, mental health disorders, addiction, family conflict, and social problems.
This article explores drama therapy and its role in improving an individual’s mental health and well-being.
Drama therapy uses the power of theater and storytelling to facilitate personal growth and healing.
According to The Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, drama therapy dates to the 18th century in Europe. Although people used dance and storytelling before this, it was not until this point that mental health practitioners used the approach.
Drama became a form of recreation, with people creating plays and exploring their issues. It allowed them to explore their emotions in a safe and controlled environment. It evolved until becoming more focused, with practitioners helping its redefinition as a therapy in the 20th century.
It is an active and experiential approach that can help people address various issues, including trauma, mental illness, relationship problems, and personal goal-setting. Drama therapists help people explore difficult emotions, process past experiences, and work through challenging life situations.
Drama therapy maintains the belief that everyone has an innate capacity for creative expression. When individuals explore their inner lives through drama, they can access hidden parts of themselves, develop new ways of relating to others, and find new solutions to old problems.
Drama therapy works for individuals, groups, or family settings. Therapists may use it in conjunction with other forms of therapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy or psychodynamic psychotherapy.
As a highly creative and expressive therapeutic approach, drama therapy can be particularly helpful for those who find traditional talk therapy unengaging or difficult.
Drama therapy can address a wide range of conditions, including:
People can also use it to address relationship problems, life transitions, and personal goal-setting.
Drama therapists may work in mental health and community settings, such as:
- mental health facilities
- substance use treatment centers
- correctional facilities
- community centers
- programs for older adults
- programs for persons with disabilities
- nursing homes
While there is limited research on the effectiveness of drama therapy, some evidence suggests it can be helpful. A 2021 study used drama therapy in individuals with serious mental illnesses such as schizophrenia, major depressive disorder, or bipolar disorder. Following a 9-week drama therapy program, the researchers noted a modest reduction in the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale.
Although there were no significant changes, the results suggested the therapeutic value of drama therapy in alleviating psychiatric symptoms. Additionally, the participants enjoyed the sessions, which helped them build a new supportive community of friends.
A drama therapist assesses a person’s individual needs and goals to create a treatment plan. They then use different drama techniques, activities, and exercises to help the person explore their emotions and work through challenging life experiences.
These creative methods include:
- play acting
- creative writing exercises
- guided visualizations
The therapist can also incorporate other media into the sessions, such as music or movement therapy, to address specific issues.
The therapist guides the clients through these activities, reflecting on their experiences and helping them find new solutions to old problems.
The therapist-client relationship is an important part of drama therapy. The therapist creates a safe and supportive environment where clients can express themselves freely.
Studies on the effects of drama therapy usually find that it is safe and well-tolerable. However, there are some considerations:
- Therapist-client relationship: Individuals must find a therapist they feel comfortable with and who understands their needs.
- Difficult emotions: Drama therapy can bring up difficult emotions. A person should feel comfortable in the setting and have a good support system outside of therapy.
- Techniques: Some people may not like using creative or expressive techniques, so it is important to find a therapist who uses different approaches if necessary.
Drama therapy can be a positive and healing experience for many people. However, the results are not guaranteed, and the approach requires the individual to show a willingness to explore their emotions. Therefore, if someone is not ready for this type of work, it might not be the most suitable treatment.
Psychodrama is another creative art therapy that enables people to explore issues by dramatizing events from the past.
Although both psychodrama and drama therapy incorporate similar activities, there is a key difference. Drama therapy allows individuals to explore fictional situations or stories. This could include fairytales, TV dramas, or improvised scenes. In contrast, psychodrama focuses on a person’s real-life experiences.
Therefore, psychodrama may be more suitable for people who wish to address a specific event or trauma from their past. However, drama therapy can still help them explore these issues indirectly through fictional stories and characters.
If a person thinks that drama therapy could be a good fit for them, they can consider the following steps:
- Find a therapist: Look for a qualified drama therapist with experience in treating the individual’s specific needs. People can find therapists through the North American Drama Therapy Association.
- Ask questions: Before starting therapy, an individual should ask the therapist about their qualifications, experience, and approach. This should help them feel more comfortable and confident in the therapy process.
- Prepare for sessions: It is best to wear comfortable clothes and shoes to drama therapy sessions. They could also bring a water bottle and snacks if necessary.
Drama therapy is a form of creative art therapy. It uses drama techniques, such as games, play-acting, and guided visualizations, to help people explore their emotions and work through challenging life experiences.
This therapy can help individuals gain new perspectives, increase self-awareness, and build stronger relationships.
A key part of drama therapy is the therapist-client relationship, which should be supportive and engaging to ensure a successful treatment experience. While these techniques can benefit many, they may not be suitable for everyone.