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Fertility supplements contain micronutrients, which are vitamins and minerals that the body needs in small amounts. Some people may take these supplements to increase their chances of a healthy pregnancy.

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Fertility supplements provide micronutrients, or vitamins and minerals, that may help people increase their chances of pregnancy.

Although there have not been many large-scale studies on the effects of micronutrients on fertility, a 2019 systematic review suggests that the number of micronutrients that a female consumes may be a factor. The researchers found that vitamin supplementation had a small beneficial effect on the length of time it took for females to conceive.

Additionally, a 2017 study notes that vitamin D may play a role in helping people conceive. Females who are at risk of vitamin D deficiency may be less likely to conceive and to carry a baby to term.

People who wish to conceive can consider the use of fertility vitamin supplements, although they should discuss this with their healthcare team first.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend that females talk with their doctor about taking folic acid supplements at least 1 month before trying to conceive and that they continue taking this supplement throughout their pregnancy. The CDC notes that doing so can help prevent brain and spinal birth abnormalities and may help a person conceive.

Males may also benefit from some nutritional supplements. According to a 2016 review, antioxidants may help improve semen quality. Researchers have found that vitamin C, vitamin E, and CoQ10 supplements enhance the quality of semen, reduce sperm DNA damage, and increase sperm count and motility.

Many fertility vitamins are available to purchase online. However, before purchasing a product, people should consider its content and safety and discuss its use with a doctor.

Although the micronutrients that each brand offers may differ, people may consider purchasing fertility vitamins that contain the following:

  • Folic acid (folate): Research suggests that females who consume folic acid supplements conceive faster. Additionally, folic acid may increase the chances of live birth when people conceive using assisted reproductive technology (ART).
  • Vitamin D: A 2015 review notes that low vitamin D levels may reduce the likelihood of an individual conceiving during ART. Low levels of vitamin D may also increase the risk of pregnancy complications, congenital rickets, and fractures in newborns.
  • Iron: The 2015 review also notes that iron deficiency may lead to decreased fertility. Researchers who investigated the fertility of females with celiac disease and iron deficiency found that they experienced delayed periods, early menopause, and unexplained infertility.

People should also ensure that the vitamins they purchase are safe to consume.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates vitamins differently than medications and does not approve vitamins and other dietary supplements. The manufacturer is responsible for testing the vitamins and making sure that they meet minimum safety standards.

The FDA recommends that people report any dietary supplements and vitamins through its website if they experience any adverse effects. Some serious side effects that people can report include:

Several fertility supplements suitable for males and females are available to purchase online. Before starting a new supplement, a person should talk with their doctor to make sure that it meets their needs.

Please note that the writer has not tested these products. All information is research-based.

Ritual Essential for Women Prenatal Multivitamin

Ritual Essential for Women Prenatal Multivitamin is suitable both before and during pregnancy. These vitamins are vegan, non-GMO, and free from allergens, gluten, and artificial colors.

This product contains 12 nutrients, including:

  • folate
  • choline
  • omega-3 DHA
  • biotin
  • vitamin B12
  • iodine

Ritual states that its products undergo testing for quality and purity. The company does not say which third party organization tests its vitamins.

The company states that people can use their health savings account (HSA) or flexible savings account (FSA) to purchase this product.

Ritual offers a subscription service, a 30-day money back guarantee, and free shipping. Individuals can cancel this subscription at any time.

Persona Prenatal

Persona offers a prenatal vitamin that is free from soy, shellfish, nuts, gluten, and fish. The supplements contain several vitamins and minerals to support fertility, including:

  • folate
  • iodine
  • copper
  • vitamin B12
  • biotin

Before ordering, a person needs to log in or take a free assessment on Persona’s website.

Persona tests all its products throughout the manufacturing process. The company does not state whether a third party also tests the supplements.

Care/of Prenatal

Care/of offers a Prenatal vitamin that provides 22 different vitamins and minerals, including folate, iron, and vitamin D.

The company states that this vitamin is gentle on the stomach and provides nutrients for both the pregnant person and the developing baby. The supplements are vegetarian, non-GMO, and gluten-free.

Although Care/of does not mention third party testing, it says that it tests the product three times in the United States.

Individuals interested in additional supplements can complete an assessment on Care/of’s website and receive personalized supplement suggestions.

BeliMen Vitality

BeliMen offers a supplement for males that may help increase sperm count and quality.

Each vitamin offers several nutrients, including zinc, vitamin E, and vitamin C, among others. The supplements are also gluten-free and keto-friendly.

BeliMen claims that it can take about 2–3 months for the supplement to affect sperm count and quality. The company does not disclose its testing process but says that it manufactures the supplements in its facility in the U.S. and that it conforms to all safety standards.

EU Natural CONCEPTION Female Fertility Prenatal

EU Natural offers a female fertility prenatal vitamin formula. The company says that this supplement will help balance hormones and regulate the menstrual cycle.

These supplements contain several vitamins and minerals, including folate, myo-inositol, and zinc. EU Natural states that the supplement can start working within weeks but is most effective after about 5 months or more of use.

EU Natural CONCEPTION Female Fertility Prenatal supplements are vegan and free from additives.

The company does not disclose how it tests its products, but it states that it makes the supplements in FDA-approved facilities to ensure quality and safety.

Individuals can order up to a 6-month supply of this supplement. Joining EU Natural’s wellness club can reduce the price.

Conceive Plus Women’s Fertility Support

This fertility supplement contains several micronutrients, including:

  • vitamin A
  • vitamin B6
  • vitamin B12
  • vitamin C
  • vitamin D
  • folic acid
  • niacin

The company states that this supplement is easy to swallow and may aid conception by helping prepare the body for pregnancy.

Conceive Plus does not state how it tests its products.

Conceive Plus Women’s Fertility Support is available to purchase from several online retailers, including Walmart.

EU Natural CONCEPTION MEN Fertility Vitamins

EU Natural states that this fertility vitamin can increase sperm quality and sperm count. These supplements, which contain zinc, folic acid, and manganese, are vegetarian and contain no fillers.

The company creates its vitamins in factories in the U.S.

A third party does not test EU Natural’s products. Instead, the company tests its supplements throughout the manufacturing process to ensure that they are safe to consume.

Individuals can purchase up to 6 months’ worth of this product. EU Natural also offers an option to join its wellness club, which lowers the price of this supplement.

A person may be able to increase their chances of conceiving by making certain lifestyle adjustments.

The CDC recommends that a person take the following steps when trying to conceive:

  • quitting smoking, if applicable
  • avoiding drinking and recreational drug use
  • maintaining a moderate weight
  • taking supplements with folic acid (folate) for at least 1 month before trying to conceive and throughout the pregnancy
  • talking with their doctor about an action plan to include other healthy lifestyle adjustments

A person who is finding it difficult to conceive may benefit from ART. ART methods, which include in vitro fertilization (IVF), usually involve surgically removing eggs from a female and fertilizing them with sperm in a laboratory. Afterward, doctors implant the fertilized egg into the person who will carry the fetus.

Success rates for ART vary depending on several factors, including:

  • a person’s age
  • a person’s fertility
  • the number of embryos implanted
  • history of previous births, pregnancy losses, and ART use

People who are aiming to conceive may find vitamins beneficial. A 2017 review of studies found that both males and females can benefit from taking vitamins and other micronutrients to increase their chances of conceiving. This review found similar results for those who conceive using ART. However, the researchers note the need for more large scale studies to investigate the link between vitamins and fertility.

A person should talk with their doctor before taking any new supplements. The doctor can advise on whether the supplement may interact with any current medications. They may also recommend other lifestyle or dietary adjustments that a person can make to increase their chances of conceiving.

People who have difficulty conceiving should consult their doctor. About 6% of married couples cannot conceive after 1 year of trying. As age can affect fertility, if the person trying to conceive is over 35 years old, they should seek medical advice after 6 months of trying.

A doctor can check both partners to help determine the cause of infertility. They may suggest treatments, such as IVF or medications to help people conceive.

Fertility vitamins may aid conception. They may also decrease the chances of pregnancy complications when a person continues to take them throughout their pregnancy.

A variety of fertility supplements that may increase the likelihood of conceiving is available for purchase online.