Caffeine, added sugars, refined carbohydrates, and unsaturated fats may increase the risk of developing glaucoma. However, maintaining a moderate weight may help manage the risk.
Glaucoma is an eye condition that causes a buildup of fluid pressure in the area. Without treatment, it could lead to blindness.
According to the
This article looks at which foods to avoid with glaucoma and why. In addition, it explores foods that may be beneficial and other lifestyle remedies health experts recommend. Lastly, it answers some frequently asked questions.
However, further research is necessary to confirm the association between caffeine and glaucoma.
Avoiding sugary foods helps manage weight and diabetes. Examples of sugary foods and drinks include:
- sweets and candy
- baked goods and cakes
- ice creams, sauces, and syrups
- added sugars in processed foods
- sweetened beverages and sodas
Eating excess refined carbohydrates can put someone
Refined carbohydrates provide less nutritional value than unrefined carbohydrates and may contribute to weight gain.
Examples of refined carbohydrates include:
- white bread, bagels, and wraps
- white pasta, and rice
- processed breakfast cereals
- cakes and cookies
- chips and snacks
Polyunsaturated fats, especially those known as omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, can benefit a person’s health.
- help with cardiovascular health
- reduce triglycerides in the blood
- improve brain, joint, and eye health
Omega-3 fatty acids are present in foods, such as fish, and in dietary supplements, such as fish oil.
However, despite these claims,
The above study concluded that higher intakes of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids helped reduce the risk of glaucoma. It also found that higher levels of total polyunsaturated fats carried a higher risk of the condition.
The CDC notes that although there is no cure for glaucoma, people can take steps to help preserve their vision and prevent vision loss. These
- Getting a comprehensive dilated eye exam: Some health insurance providers cover an annual eye test. People need to have an examination when they are 40 years of age, even if they are not in a high risk group.
- Talk with family members: They can discuss how to protect vision health, as open-angle glaucoma is hereditary.
- Maintain moderate weight and blood pressure: Maintaining an active lifestyle can help reduce the risk of glaucoma.
The American Academy of Ophthalmology suggests that UV rays may cause a type of glaucoma. Experts recommend wearing quality polarized sunglasses and a hat when exploring the outdoors.
According to a
Some of the foods that may provide benefits in moderation include:
- antioxidant-rich plant foods such as:
- omega-3-rich foods such as:
- oily fish
- polyphenol-rich tea, including green tea
Vitamins and spices
- vitamins B3 and D
The Glaucoma Research Foundation advises that a balanced diet will not prevent glaucoma for everyone, but there are benefits to eating certain foods for those with the condition. They recommend that people include the following as part of a nutritious diet:
- plenty of fruits and vegetables
- leafy greens
- oily fish
The following answers some frequently asked questions.
What causes glaucoma to worsen?
In addition, eating well, controlling blood pressure, and being physically active can help prevent vision loss.
What foods are good for glaucoma?
Health experts say a diet rich in fruit and vegetables, especially leafy greens, is beneficial.
Health experts recommend people avoid added sugars and refined carbohydrates to help prevent glaucoma or vision loss. In addition, coffee may increase intraocular pressure, so it is best to avoid or limit drinking it.
However, a diet with plenty of vegetables and fruits containing vital vitamins and minerals may help protect vision.