Some online content reports that tequila has health benefits. However, research shows any health benefits tequila may provide derive from compounds in its raw ingredients, not from the alcohol itself.
Early research shows that compounds in agave, which is the raw product in tequila, may carry some health benefits. However, so far, no studies in humans have demonstrated a link between tequila and any positive health outcomes.
While it may not have health benefits, tequila may be a comparatively healthier choice than some other types of alcohol.
This article discusses myths about tequila’s potential health benefits, health benefits associated with compounds in agave, tequila’s healthy properties compared to other types of alcohol, and the potential health benefits and risks of alcohol consumption.
Currently, no research in humans suggests drinking tequila carries any health benefits.
But the Internet houses various articles promoting the findings of preliminary studies in animals. And nearly all of these early studies assessed the potential benefits of compounds found in agave.
Some of the most popular, unsupported ideas in circulation claim that drinking tequila can:
- aid with weight loss
- help control blood sugar levels and prevent type 2 diabetes
- help improve bone health and density
- promote longevity and even stop or reverse aging
- prevent and help treat colds, the flu, and other types of infection
- improve gastrointestinal health and digestion
- improve sleep
- reduce pain
- improve absorption and usage of certain medications
- reduce the risk of dementia
Manufacturers make tequila from fermented agave juice, typically from the species Agave tequilana.
Some producers add additives and alcohol from other sources to the tequila, while other manufacturers make tequila from 100% agave juice.
Most blue, silver, or white higher-end tequilas from Mexico contain 100% fermented agave.
Agave juice contains sugars that seem to offer various potential health benefits, though conclusive evidence of these benefits will require more research.
Learn about other fermented foods here.
Potential benefits of raw agave include:
Aids with weight loss
Agave is rich in a type of sugar known as agavins.
Early research shows that agavins may act as or function like dietary fiber, meaning the body does not digest and absorb them in the same way as most sugars.
As a result, agavins may not affect blood glucose or contribute calories to the diet. This may explain their possible role in weight control and diabetes management.
In a 2014 study, mice that ate a standard diet and had free access to water with agavins ate less and lost more weight than mice given water with other sweeteners, such as fructose, glucose, sucrose, aspartame, and agave syrup.
Learn about ways to lose weight here.
Reduces pain and inflammation
Agave contains saponin compounds, which might have anti-inflammatory properties. This means that consuming saponin may potentially reduce pain associated with inflammation.
According to an
The study noted all three agave species had an anti-inflammatory effect when scientists injected it into mice with swollen ears, though A. americana had the most potent effect.
Learn about an anti-inflammatory diet here.
Improves immune function
Agave contains antioxidants, which may offer a range of immune benefits.
According to the study, tannins are one of these antioxidative components.
Learn about the best antioxidant foods here.
Agave contains compounds that may aid in digestion by promoting a healthy gut microbiota, which is a community of beneficial microbes.
According to a
Fructans and fructooligosaccharides may act as prebiotics and encourage a healthy gut microbiota, improve digestion, and reduce symptoms of some digestive conditions.
Learn the difference between prebiotics and probiotics here.
Improve bone health
In animal studies, compounds in blue agave called fructans appear to help prevent bone loss and aid bone formation.
A 2016 report on the same study expands on the findings, stating that fructans may help improve calcium and magnesium absorption and encourage new bone growth in mice, even those with osteoporosis, a degenerative bone condition.
Learn how to increase bone density here.
Improve iron levels
The sap from the Agave salmiana species is rich in iron. An
Learn more about how much iron a person needs here.
Reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes
Agave contains agavins that may provide sweetness and nutrition without impacting blood sugar levels. This is because the body cannot absorb them.
A 2014 study found that agavins help reduce blood sugar levels and improve insulin levels, which regulates blood sugar levels.
Since the body does not digest and absorb agavins in the same way as other sugars, consuming agavins may also aid in weight loss and reduce the risk of obesity, which increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
However, most agave syrups that are commercially available contain fructans broken down into fructose sugars. The body can digest fructose, and it does impact blood sugar levels.
The manufacturing process of many agave products strips them of nearly all their potentially beneficial compounds.
The best way to reap the possible health benefits of agavins seems to be to consume raw agave plant material, sap, or supplements.
While many agave nectars and syrups may claim to promote the benefits listed above, most do not. Some agave syrups may even contain more calories, sugar, and carbohydrates than regular sugar.
One teaspoon (tsp) of agave syrup sweetener
One tsp of white, granulated sugar
It is important to remember that most sugars, including agave, white sugar, and other natural sweeteners, such as honey and maple syrup, will affect the body in similar ways. Therefore, always consume sugars in moderation.
Consuming any alcohol can be detrimental to health.
However, some types of alcohol have less sugar and carbohydrates and fewer empty calories than others and could have fewer adverse health effects.
Compared to wines, beers, and ciders, tequila contains no carbohydrates, no sugar, and fewer calories.
A 42 g shot of 100% tequila
The table below shows how that compares to 1 serving of other types of alcohol:
|https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/1104484/nutrientsType of alcohol||Calories||Carbohydrates (g)|
Historically, some studies have linked moderate alcohol consumption to a reduced risk of heart failure in some people.
However, this link is observational, not causal, and other lifestyle factors may have an affect.
Researchers would need to carry out much more research into alcohol consumption levels and different types of alcohol to confirm any of the potential benefits.
Learn more about the health effects of moderate drinking here.
Drinking alcohol increases the risk of developing a wide range of adverse health complications,
- digestive problems
- depression and anxiety
- memory and learning problems
- reduced immune function
- heart disease
The agavins in unprocessed agave contain several compounds that may benefit health. However, processed agave products, such as tequila and agave syrups and sweeteners, typically do not contain these beneficial compounds.
Tequila may be a comparatively healthier option than some other types of alcohol because it contains fewer calories, zero sugar, and zero carbohydrates.
However, drinking any alcohol can increase the risk of developing a number of health conditions.
Therefore, even if tequila contained healthy nutrients, the adverse health risks would most likely outweigh any possible health benefits.