Heart disease refers to several conditions that affect a person’s heart and cardiovascular system. Types of heart disease include coronary artery disease (CAD), arrhythmia, heart valve disease, and heart failure.
CAD is the
This article discusses heart disease facts and answers the most common questions about heart disease and heart attacks.
The vast majority of heart attacks occur in people who have never had one before. Around 200,000 occur in people who have previously had a heart attack.
Of all the heart attacks that occur each year, 1 in 5 is a silent heart attack. This means the person was not aware of having a heart attack but has sustained damage.
In 2017, cardiovascular disease (CVD) was the
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the U.S., but there are some differences based on age, sex, and ethnicity.
|Group||% total deaths||In males||In females|
|American Indian or Alaska Native||18.3%||19.4%||17%|
|Asian American or Pacific Islander||21.4%||22.9%||19.9%|
In 1999 and 2017, heart disease accounted for
The rate of death among all groups decreased from 1999 to 2017. However, the death rate due to heart disease decreasing has slowed in more recent years.
Heart disease is the
- African American
- American Indian
- Alaska Native
In the U.S., heart disease is the
- Asian American
- American Indian
- Alaska Native
- Pacific Islander
This buildup occurs in coronary artery disease, which can lead to heart attack.
While some heart attacks are intense and sudden, many others start slowly with more subtle symptoms. Symptoms of a heart attack vary and include:
- chest pain and discomfort
- pain in one or both arms
- jaw or neck pain
- stomach or back pain
- shortness of breath
Additionally, males and females may experience heart attack symptoms differently. According to the
Heart attack symptoms last from a few minutes to a few hours and, for some, can evolve over days. They may start and go away with rest and come back intermittently. A heart attack is unlikely to cause chest pain continuously for days.
In addition to these three main risk factors, other factors can also make a person more likely to develop heart disease. Other conditions and lifestyle choices that increase a person’s risk for heart disease include:
- having diabetes
- lack of exercise
- excess alcohol consumption
- an unbalanced diet
- having overweight or obesity
There are many steps a person can take to prevent a heart attack and reduce their risk of developing heart disease. These include:
- quitting smoking
- eating a heart-healthy diet
- managing cholesterol levels through dietary changes and medication
- lowering blood pressure through dietary changes and medication
150 minutesof moderate-intensity physical activity per week
- maintaining a moderate weight
- managing diabetes
- reducing alcohol use
- lowering stress levels
Heart disease has a hefty price tag for the U.S. It cost the country
- healthcare services
- lost productivity
Heart attacks and coronary heart disease (CHD) were
Heart disease is a leading cause of death in the U.S. Though the death rate is decreasing, it is still a major, costly health issue.
There are several types of heart disease. The most common is CAD, which can lead to heart attack.
A person can take steps to lower their risk of heart disease through lifestyle changes.