Cannabidiol (CBD) does not cause a person to experience the “high” that people associate with cannabis. However, possible side effects of CBD include drowsiness, irritability, and decreased appetite.
The cannabis plant contains over 500 chemical compounds. Cannabinoids are one group of compounds present in cannabis.
This article outlines how CBD might make a person feel. It also discusses some of the possible side effects of CBD, how it works, and the different ways a person can use it.
However, they may experience several possible side effects with CBD. The
CBD can also cause harm such as:
- causing injuries to a person’s liver
- interacting with other drugs someone is taking, potentially causing harmful side effects
- slowing down brain activity if an individual takes it with alcohol or other drugs
THC is another cannabinoid and the
When a person consumes THC, they can experience intoxication, which can cause them to feel the high that many people associate with cannabis.
This can cause a person to feel:
- altered senses, such as seeing brighter colors
- altered sense of time
- mood changes
- impaired body movement
- difficulty thinking and problem-solving
- impaired memory
If a person takes high doses of THC, they can experience more severe side effects such as:
The endocannabinoid system is a complex network of organs throughout the body that express cannabinoid receptors.
The two main cannabinoid receptors are:
- CB1 receptors: These receptors are
most commonlypresent in the CNS, which consists of the brain and the spinal cord.
- CB2 receptors: These receptors are
most commonlypresent in the peripheral nervous system and in immune cells.
The endocannabinoid system plays a role in several bodily functions,
- lacrimation and salivation
- heart and lung function
When a person takes CBD, it interacts with the cannabinoid receptors. It also interacts with other receptors, such as the serotonin and opioid receptors.
By interacting in these ways, CBD can have a number of effects on the body.
According to a
- chronic pain
- anxiety and depression
- sleep disorders
- arthritis and joint pain
- cluster headaches
- post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
There are several forms in which a person can take CBD.
According to one
Other possible ways to administer CBD include:
- sublingual oil drops, which a person places under their tongue
- vaporized CBD, which an individual inhales
- topical creams, which a person uses for skin disorders
- edibles in the form of gummies, which an individual takes orally
As the FDA does not regulate most CBD products, mislabelling and contamination
The Arthritis Foundation states that this can cause a number of issues, including:
- incorrect strength of CBD compared to what the label states
- presence of undeclared THC
- contamination with pesticides, metals, and solvents
A person should consider several factors when choosing a CBD product:
- U.S. products: Products manufactured in the U.S. that companies have made using domestic ingredients.
- Good manufacturing practices: Manufacturers that follow good practices that the FDA has established for pharmaceuticals or dietary supplements. Some U.S. states will also require manufacturers to follow certain good practice guidelines.
- Certificate of analysis: Companies that have tested each batch often provide certificates of analysis from independent labs that use validated, standardized testing methods.
- Avoid certain claims: Refrain from companies that state their products have disease benefits.
- Be aware of salespeople: Retailers are not necessarily health professionals. A doctor is always the best source for guidance regarding CBD products.
CBD is one of over 100 cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant. People consume CBD for several reasons, such as to help treat epilepsy, chronic pain, and migraine.
People can take CBD orally in the form of gummies or capsules. They may also inhale vaporized CBD or take sublingual oil drops, which they place under their tongue.
CBD is not psychoactive and does not cause a person to experience a high. However, there are some possible side effects of CBD, including drowsiness, diarrhea, and irritability.