Many major organizations classify obesity as a disease. However, some experts still debate this classification.
Obesity is a condition that involves an excess accumulation of fat that may impair a person’s health. There has been extensive debate about whether obesity is a disease. However, many organizations — including the
In the United States,
Certain eating and exercise patterns, as well as a lack of sleep,
This article examines further the question of whether obesity is a disease. It also discusses what causes obesity, how to treat it, and more.
As with other diseases, obesity has a range of different causes. Some people may develop obesity due to lifestyle factors such as diet and activity levels. Others may develop this condition as a result of a genetic condition.
Other possible causes of obesity may include:
- sleep issues
Individuals with obesity store excess adipose tissue — fat cells — that can have serious health consequences. Obesity
Defining obesity as a disease allows doctors to make a diagnosis and recommend treatment. Getting early and effective treatment can reduce the risk of developing further health issues.
Some researchers disagree on defining obesity as a disease. One
Other researchers have concerns that calling obesity a disease
There is ongoing debate surrounding this topic. However, major organizations are shifting their stance on this subject to reflect obesity as a disease.
The CDC measures obesity through body mass index (BMI).
A healthy adult BMI ranges from
There are three different classes of obesity:
- Class 1 obesity involves a BMI of 30 to less than 35.
- Class 2 obesity ranges from a BMI of 35 to less than 40.
- Class 3 is the most severe type of obesity, which includes individuals with a BMI of 40 or greater.
A high BMI may be a sign of obesity. However, a doctor
To learn more about how to measure obesity, people can speak with a healthcare professional.
The causes of obesity can vary widely between individuals. Environment, sleep quality, genetics, and other factors may all play a role in this condition.
Certain patterns of food consumption and exercise
Finally, underlying medical conditions can increase the chance of excessive weight gain. Hypothyroidism and Cushing syndrome can both cause weight gain. Medications such as steroids or certain antidepressants may also contribute to weight gain.
There are many resources and treatment options available to support individuals with obesity. Some common treatment approaches for obesity
- an individualized weight-loss plan
- lifestyle changes
- medications that can aid with weight loss
- weight-loss surgery
Treating underlying health conditions can also support weight loss among individuals with obesity. To learn more about how to address obesity, people can speak with a healthcare professional.
Learn more about possible obesity treatments.
The following are some common questions about obesity.
Does the CDC consider obesity a disease?
What is the difference between obese and morbidly obese?
The term “morbidly obese” refers to the most advanced cases of obesity. These cases typically involve a high BMI and may also involve additional medical conditions resulting from obesity.
However, doctors have been moving away from the term morbidly obese. Instead, they divide obesity into classes based on severity. Class III obesity is the most severe of these classes.
Can you have excess weight and be healthy?
Some people may not experience serious health effects from having overweight or obesity. However, having overweight
Obesity is a condition in which an individual’s body weight is considerably higher than the standard weight range. It may develop due to certain dietary patterns or limited physical activity. Certain conditions, genetics, and some medications can also increase the chance of developing obesity.
While major organizations, such as the CDC and the WHO, consider obesity a disease, there is some debate about whether to classify it as such.
Treating obesity may involve certain lifestyle changes, medications, or even bariatric surgery. Finding the right treatment approach depends on the individual and whether they have any underlying conditions.
To learn more about how to prevent and treat obesity, speak with a healthcare professional.