Magnesium threonate is a form of the essential mineral magnesium. The body requires magnesium for various crucial functions, including enzyme reactions, protein synthesis, glucose control, muscle function, and nerve function.
Evidence suggests an individual may benefit from a reduced risk of dementia and other age-related diseases if they have a high intake or circulating levels of magnesium. This is potentially due to the importance of magnesium to the brain and nerves.
This article looks at magnesium threonate, its benefits, and its possible side effects. It also explores the importance of magnesium in the body and the symptoms an individual may experience with magnesium deficiency.
Magnesium threonate, or
The body can easily absorb magnesium threonate. Some
As magnesium L-threonate can readily elevate magnesium levels in the brain, it has the potential to improve cognitive function. However, research is still in the early stages and mainly involves animal models.
For example, a
Magnesium threonate could have
If an individual ingests
- abdominal cramping
Ingesting more than 5,000 milligrams (mg) of magnesium each day can cause magnesium toxicity, leading to symptoms such as:
- low blood pressure
- urine retention
- muscle weakness
- nausea and vomiting
- difficulty breathing
- heart problems
Currently, no recommended daily allowance exists for magnesium L-threonate. However, many companies sell magnesium L-threonate supplements providing around 1500–2000 mg per dose.
However, according to manufacturers, 2000 mg of magnesium L-threonate contains only 144 mg of elemental magnesium.
Magnesium is a mineral that is
- protein synthesis
- brain function
- muscle and nerve function
- blood sugar control
- blood pressure regulation
- energy production
- glycolysis, the breakdown of glucose to produce energy
- DNA synthesis
- bone development
- calcium and potassium transport
In healthy individuals with a regular dietary intake, magnesium deficiency is
However, people may develop a magnesium deficiency if they eat a diet low in magnesium, have alcohol use disorder, take certain medications, or have certain other health conditions.
Early symptoms of magnesium deficiency include:
- loss of appetite
If the deficiency continues, a person may develop:
- tingling sensations
- muscle cramps
- abnormal heart rhythm
In severe cases, the individual may also develop low serum calcium or potassium levels because of the disruption to how their body manages mineral homeostasis or balance.
Various alternative supplements may have the potential to boost an individual’s cognitive function.
Fish oil supplements contain high levels of the omega-3 fatty acids docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA).
Various foods contain the antioxidant resveratrol. These include chocolate, peanuts, red wine, and purple and red fruit skins, such as blueberries and raspberries.
This herbal supplement comes from the Ginkgo biloba tree and is one of the most
Some research indicates that ginkgo supplements can help slow age-related cognitive decline and improve memory and thinking skills. However, overall, the results from studies evaluating its effects are mixed.
The body naturally produces the amino acid acetyl-L-carnitine, which contributes to energy production.
Manufacturers claim that using acetyl-L-carnitine supplements can help with memory and feelings of alertness.
Magnesium threonate is one of the various forms of magnesium, an abundant mineral in the body.
Magnesium is essential for over 300 enzyme reactions and plays a role in DNA synthesis, muscle and nerve function, mental abilities, and more.
If an individual has a magnesium deficiency, they can experience symptoms ranging from nausea and vomiting to severe heart problems.
Magnesium threonate may help boost circulating magnesium levels. As it effectively raises magnesium levels in brain cells, it could reduce an individual’s risk of dementia and other age-related diseases.