Microblading is a cosmetic procedure in which a trained technician uses a specialized tool to sculpt the eyebrows.
Microblading involves making several tiny cuts in the skin, then inserting pigment to give the appearance of fuller natural brows with the desired shape.
Following the procedure, the person needs to take certain steps to care for their skin.
In this article, we describe how to care for the eyebrows and surrounding skin after microblading.
The Society of Permanent Cosmetic Professionals (SPCP) refer to microblading as a form of cosmetic tattooing.
After a microblading appointment, a person should take some precautions to prevent irritation and complications.
It is a good idea to avoid:
- applying makeup to the face
- using any creams or ointments on the eyebrows
- excessive sun exposure
- washing the hair
- rubbing or picking at the scabs
- letting any hair rub against the eyebrows
- activities that cause sweating
It is important to note that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) do not closely monitor the dyes used in microblading.
Anyone interested in the procedure should research salons carefully before booking an appointment.
If local laws require that people who perform microblading have licensing or certification, ensure that the salon’s technicians meet the criteria.
To prevent water from splashing onto the brows after microblading, a person should wash their face gently using a damp sponge or washcloth.
It can help to:
- Wet the sponge or washcloth with warm water.
- Rub in a small amount of mild soap.
- Squeeze most of the excess water out.
- Dab all around the face and avoid touching the brows.
- Carefully dry the skin with a cloth towel, avoiding the brows.
A person should follow all of the technician’s guidance. The technician should also provide a cream or ointment and a care sheet with instructions.
To support the healing process:
- Keep the area clean: When a technician says that it is safe, gently clean the area with mild soap and cool or slightly warm water.
- Apply the recommended ointment or cream: The technician should provide this product, which will help the skin retain moisture and form a protective barrier.
- Do not let the skin dry out: Moist skin heals more quickly.
- Do not use an antibiotic ointment: If a person suspects that they have an infection, they should see a physician before using any medicated product on their brows after microblading.
Also, it is important to avoid:
- excessive exposure to the sun
- dust and other debris
- excessive alcohol consumption
- rubbing or scratching the brows
- facial peels
As with other forms of cosmetic tattooing, short-term side effects can include:
- slight bleeding
- mild bruising
- a darker appearance than intended for 6–10 days
The SPCP report that people who take blood thinners are more likely to experience bleeding or bruising during or after the procedure.
However, there is a chance that more serious complications may develop, including infections and allergic reactions.
When technicians perform the procedure in hygienic conditions, infections are rare, but a person must also do their part: Follow aftercare instructions carefully to avoid transmitting bacteria from the hands into the tattooed skin.
Symptoms of an infection may include:
- worsening pain
- itchy, painful red bumps forming within the tattoo
- a fever
- open sores
If any of these symptoms occur, see a doctor or dermatologist as soon as possible to minimize the damage.
Allergic reactions to cosmetic tattoos are also rare. They may involve:
- scaly patches
- deep lumps
- skin crusting
- watery fluid
Using caution from the start can help a person avoid these issues. First, it is important to make sure that a salon follows state and local laws regarding microblading before making an appointment.
The SPCP recommend the following precautions:
- The technician should use new, sterile needles and unwrap them in front of the person.
- The technician should use new gloves, a new apron, and other protective gear to prevent contamination.
- The environment should be clean and free of debris, including dust from any fingernail filings.
- The technician should appear neat and clean.
- A single-use, new chair cover should be in place.
A person should check that these steps have been taken before they undergo the procedure.
Following home care instructions should prevent the need for a visit to the doctor.
However, see a doctor if the skin on or around the eyebrows appears to be infected.
Also, anyone who takes blood thinners or has a bleeding disorder should talk to their doctor before having microblading.
Microblading is a procedure to change the appearance of the eyebrows. It involves a trained technician using small needles to make tiny cuts in the skin and insert pigment.
Carefully follow the technician’s instructions about caring for the skin in the 2 weeks that follow the procedure.
When the technician performs it in a clean, safe environment, and the person follows guidance about aftercare, microblading usually carries little risk.