A burning feeling in the nose can stem from respiratory infections, allergic or nonallergic rhinitis, sinusitis, and other causes. Steam inhalation and other remedies can often help. However, prescription medication and medical intervention can be necessary.

A burning sensation in the nose may result from inflammation or irritation brought about by an infection or allergic reaction. Besides burning in the nose, a person may experience irritation or itching in the eyes, throat, or sinuses.

In this article, we explore the causes of a burning sensation in the nose, along with their treatments and other symptoms. We also look into home remedies that can reduce irritation.

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“Rhinitis” refers to inflammation inside the nose. In a person with allergic rhinitis, the immune system mistakenly interprets a harmless substance, such as dust or pollen, as a threat and attacks it, leading to inflammation.

Allergic rhinitis is very common, affecting 10–30% of people worldwide.

When the allergen responsible is pollen or something else that presents seasonally, the doctor may diagnose seasonal allergic rhinitis, which is better known as hay fever.

The symptoms of hay fever can include:

The quickest way to relieve allergic rhinitis symptoms is to avoid the allergen. For example, people with pollen allergies may limit their time outdoors during days with high pollen counts.

Over-the-counter (OTC) antihistamines and nasal corticosteroids can also help ease the symptoms.

Another option is allergy immunotherapy, which involves exposing the person to tiny doses of the allergen, “teaching” their immune system not to react to it.

Sometimes, rhinitis cases are not caused by an allergic reaction.

In this case, the condition is called nonallergic rhinitis. It tends to affect adults and cause symptoms all year, including:

  • sneezing
  • runny nose
  • stuffy nose
  • postnasal drip
  • burning sensation in the nose

Unlike allergic rhinitis, nonallergic rhinitis usually does not cause itchy eyes, nose, or throat.

A person with nonallergic rhinitis may have a sensitivity to air pollution, certain odors or chemicals, or changes in the weather. Some medications and health issues, such as viral infections, can cause inflammation in the nose.

Avoiding triggers may help ease the symptoms of nonallergic rhinitis. While there is no cure, saline nasal sprays, and medicated sprays or rinses may help reduce the inflammation.

Learn how to make a saline solution here.

Sinusitis is inflammation of the sinuses. The sinuses are small, empty spaces behind the cheeks and forehead. Sinusitis can occur due to a viral or bacterial infection.

Symptoms of sinusitis include:

Most cases of sinusitis result from viral infections, which tend to go away on their own without treatment. When the cause is bacterial, a doctor can prescribe antibiotics.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), adults in the United States get around 2–3 colds per year. The symptoms may include:

Usually, cold symptoms go away without treatment, though certain medications and home remedies can ease symptoms. For example, decongestant medications can help unblock a stuffy nose.

Learn about the best medications for each symptom of a cold.

Influenza, also called the flu, is another common respiratory tract infection. The flu can cause mild to severe symptoms that include:

  • fatigue
  • headaches
  • body aches
  • cough
  • sore throat
  • fever
  • runny or stuffy nose, sometimes with a burning sensation

Some people also experience vomiting and diarrhea. The symptoms of flu often develop suddenly.

Most people recover without medical treatment. However, certain groups have a higher risk and may require extra care and precautions, including:

  • adults older than 65
  • pregnant women
  • children under 5
  • people with chronic health conditions

Learn more about flu symptoms, treatments, and prevention methods.

An infection can develop in any part of the respiratory tract, including the nose, throat, and lungs. Coronaviruses, such as SARS-CoV-2, are sometimes responsible.

SARS-CoV-2 is the virus that causes COVID-19. Some symptoms of COVID-19 may include:

According to the CDC, anyone who suspects that they have COVID-19 should:

  • stay away from others whenever possible
  • get a test
  • monitor the symptoms
  • call ahead before visiting a doctor
  • wear a well-fitting mask
  • cover the mouth and nose when sneezing, then throw away tissues and wash hands thoroughly
  • clean the hands often
  • avoid sharing personal items, such as towels and bedding
  • clean and disinfect surfaces regularly
  • keep the home ventilated by opening windows

A burning sensation in the nose is not an indication of a stroke. The symptoms of a stroke include:

  • sudden weakness or numbness in the face, leg, or arm, usually on one side of the body
  • problems seeing in one or both eyes
  • difficulty walking
  • a loss of balance or coordination
  • a severe headache
  • trouble speaking or understanding speech

If anyone has any of these symptoms, call 911 immediately.

Home remedies cannot cure an infection or allergic reaction. However, they can ease the symptoms and relieve discomfort.

For a viral illness, such as a cold or the flu, a person can:

  • inhale steam from a hot bath or a bowl of very hot water to clear congestion
  • drink plenty of fluids to replace any lost due to vomiting or diarrhea
  • get plenty of rest

For ongoing nasal irritation or inflammation, a person can try saline nasal sprays or rinses. Also, increasing the amount of moisture in the air with a humidifier may make breathing easier and reduce discomfort.

Over-the-counter treatments such as nasal saline gel, vaseline, and Aquaphor can also help to lubricate the nasal passage and help protect the skin barrier.

Learn about home remedies for cold and flu here.

Anyone who develops sudden or severe symptoms should receive medical care.

If a doctor determines that a burning sensation in the nose results from a bacterial infection, they will prescribe antibiotics. A doctor can also perform allergy testing before diagnosing allergic rhinitis.

However, if a person may have COVID-19, they should call ahead to check whether it is safe to visit the clinic, office, or hospital. If a doctor believes that someone may have COVID-19, they will advise about the next steps.

A burning sensation in the nose may stem from inflammation or irritation brought about by an infection or allergic reaction.

The feeling may be mild and go away when the infection clears or the reaction subsides. In the meantime, OTC medications, home remedies, and nasal sprays can help ease the burning sensation and other symptoms.

Read the article in Spanish.