A burning feeling in the nose can stem from a cold or respiratory infection, allergic or nonallergic rhinitis, sinusitis, or another cause. There may also be burning, irritation, or itching in the eyes, throat, or sinuses.
In this article, we explore the causes of a burning sensation in the nose, along with their treatments and other symptoms. We also look into home remedies that can reduce irritation.
A burning sensation in the nose may result from inflammation or irritation brought about by an infection or allergic reaction.
“Rhinitis” refers to inflammation inside the nose. In a person with allergic rhinitis, the immune system mistakenly interprets a harmless substance, such as dust or pollen, as a threat and attacks it, leading to inflammation.
Allergic rhinitis is very common, affecting 10–30% of people worldwide.
When the allergen responsible is pollen or something else that presents seasonally, the doctor may diagnose seasonal allergic rhinitis, which is better known as hay fever.
The symptoms of hay fever can include:
- itchiness or a burning sensation in the nose, mouth, throat, and eyes
- stuffy nose
- runny nose and eyes
- postnasal drip, which can cause frequent throat clearing
The quickest way to relieve allergic rhinitis symptoms is to avoid the allergen. For example, people with pollen allergies may limit their time outdoors during days with high pollen counts.
Over-the-counter (OTC) antihistamines and nasal corticosteroids can also help ease the symptoms.
Another option is allergy immunotherapy, which involves exposing the person to tiny doses of the allergen, “teaching” their immune system not to react to it. For the person, this may involve placing a tablet under the tongue each day or receiving regular injections.
Sometimes, rhinitis cases are not caused by an allergic reaction.
In this case, the condition is called nonallergic rhinitis. It tends to affect adults and cause symptoms all year, including:
- runny nose
- stuffy nose
- postnasal drip
- burning sensation in the nose
Unlike allergic rhinitis, nonallergic rhinitis usually does not cause itchy eyes, nose, or throat.
A person with nonallergic rhinitis may have a sensitivity to air pollution, certain odors or chemicals, or changes in the weather. Some medications and health issues such as viral infections can cause inflammation in the nose.
Avoiding triggers may help ease the symptoms of nonallergic rhinitis. While there is no cure, saline nasal sprays and medicated sprays or rinses may help reduce the inflammation.
Learn how to make a saline solution here.
Sinusitis is inflammation of the sinuses. The sinuses are small, empty spaces behind the cheeks and forehead. Sinusitis
Symptoms of sinusitis include:
- runny or stuffy nose
- pain in the cheeks and forehead
- sore throat
- mucus dripping down the throat
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), adults in the United States get around
- sore throat
- runny or stuffy nose, which can cause a burning sensation
- body aches
- loss of taste and smell
Usually, cold symptoms go away without treatment, though certain medications and home remedies can ease symptoms. For example, decongestant medications can help unblock a stuffy nose.
Learn about the best medications for each symptom of a cold.
Influenza, also called the flu, is another common respiratory tract infection. The flu can cause mild to severe symptoms that
- body aches
- sore throat
- runny or stuffy nose, sometimes with a burning sensation
Some people also experience vomiting and diarrhea. The symptoms of flu often develop suddenly.
Most people recover without medical treatment. However,
- adults older than 65
- pregnant women
- children under 5
- people with chronic health conditions
Learn more about flu symptoms, treatments, and prevention methods.
Other respiratory infections
An infection can develop in any part of the respiratory tract, including the nose, throat, and lungs. Coronaviruses, such as SARS-CoV-2, are sometimes responsible.
SARS-CoV-2 is the virus that causes COVID-19. Some symptoms of COVID-19 may
- shortness of breath
- headaches and body aches
- loss of taste or smell
- sore throat
- runny or stuffy nose, which may lead to a burning sensation
- nausea or vomiting
Do we know of any association between a burning sensation in the nose and COVID-19?
The nasal and sinus symptoms of COVID-19 are often the same as those of any other upper respiratory tract infections. They may include nasal burning, according to anecdotal reports in medical literature and the press.
– Marc Meth, MD, FACAAI, FAAAI
Answers represent the opinions of our medical experts. All content is strictly informational and should not be considered medical advice.
According to the
- stay away from others whenever possible
- get a test
- monitor the symptoms
- call ahead before visiting a doctor
- wear a well-fitting mask
- cover the mouth and nose when sneezing, then throw away tissues and wash hands thoroughly
- clean the hands often
- avoid sharing personal items, such as towels and bedding
- clean and disinfect surfaces regularly
- keep the home ventilated by opening windows
Is it a sign of a stroke?
A burning sensation in the nose is not an indication of a stroke. The symptoms of a stroke
- sudden weakness or numbness in the face, leg, or arm, usually on one side of the body
- problems seeing in one or both eyes
- difficulty walking
- a loss of balance or coordination
- a severe headache
- trouble speaking or understanding speech
If anyone has any of these symptoms, call 911 immediately.
Home remedies cannot cure an infection or allergic reaction. However, they can ease the symptoms and relieve discomfort.
For a viral illness, such as a cold or the flu, a person can:
- inhale steam, from a hot bath or a bowl of very hot water, to clear congestion
- drink plenty of fluids to replace any lost due to vomiting or diarrhea
- get plenty of rest
For ongoing nasal irritation or inflammation, a person can try saline nasal sprays or rinses.
Also, increasing the amount of moisture in the air with a humidifier may make breathing easier and reduce discomfort.
Anyone who develops sudden or severe symptoms should receive medical care.
If a doctor determines that a burning sensation in the nose results from a bacterial infection, they will prescribe antibiotics. A doctor can also perform allergy testing before diagnosing allergic rhinitis.
However, if a person may have COVID-19, they should
A burning sensation in the nose may stem from inflammation or irritation brought about by an infection or allergic reaction.
The feeling may be mild and go away when the infection clears or the reaction subsides. In the meantime, OTC medications, home remedies, and nasal sprays can help ease the burning sensation and other symptoms.