The relative 5-year survival rate for a person receiving a diagnosis of small cell lung cancer (SCLS) is 3%. The rate for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is 9%, according to the American Cancer Society (ACS).
The two main types of lung cancer are NSCLC and SCLC, and the causes, outlook, and treatment options will depend on the type.
A person receiving a diagnosis of SCLC has a
However, many factors can affect the outlook, such as the person’s age and overall health and the size and location of tumors.
Below, we describe the prognosis for people living with stage 4 lung cancer, including treatment options and survival rates.
Various factors influence a person’s life expectancy estimate following a diagnosis of lung cancer. These include:
- the type of lung cancer
- the number of tumors in the lung
- any other lung problems, such as a collapsed lung or fluid buildup
- whether or to what extent the cancer has spread
- any weight loss before the diagnosis
- the ability to perform daily tasks
|Stage||5- year relative survival rate|
|Cancer is still in the original location||30%|
|Cancer has spread to nearby tissues||18%|
|Cancer has spread throughout the body||3%|
|All stages combined||7%|
|Stage||5- year relative survival rate|
|Cancer is still in the original location||65%|
|Cancer has spread to nearby tissues||37%|
|Cancer has spread throughout the body||9%|
|All stages combined||28%|
Treatment may extend life expectancy, but some options can cause unpleasant side effects that may undermine a person’s quality of life.
For this reason, some people choose to manage their lung cancer with
It can be difficult to choose a course of treatment, especially when an option may prolong life but limit its quality. Discuss all the options with the doctor thoroughly.
There are five stages of lung cancer, ranging from 0 to 4.
Stages 0 and 1 are
For this reason, a doctor determines the stage of a person’s cancer before discussing their outlook. There are different staging systems, but healthcare providers
- “T” stands for “tumor.” This factor refers to the size of a tumor and whether it has grown into any nearby structures or organs.
- “N” stands for “nodes.” This refers to whether the cancer has spread to any lymph nodes.
- “M” stands for “metastasis.” This refers to whether the cancer has spread to distant structures or organs within the body.
Many people with lung cancer do not experience symptoms until the later stages of the disease.
- chest pain
- shortness of breath
- coughing up blood or rust-colored phlegm
- a persistent cough
- a loss of appetite
- unexplained weight loss
Stage 4 lung cancer has spread to the other lung or to other parts of the body. This can cause secondary symptoms. For instance, if cancer spreads to the liver, the person may experience yellowing of the eyes, skin, and nails.
Also, some types of lung cancer induce
There is currently
Other factors that can influence the treatment plan
- he type of lung cancer
- the genetic features of the cancer molecules
- whether the person has any other health conditions
- how the person functions day to day
People with low general health may have difficulty coping with cancer treatment. In this case, the doctor may
Treatment options available for stage 4 NSCLC
Palliative care does not target cancer directly. Instead, it aims to reduce the effects of other challenges that a person with a terminal illness faces. These challenges may
Palliative care does not extend life expectancy, but it can enhance a person’s quality of life. The
A person who provides care for someone with a chronic or terminal illness may be their spouse, family member, or friend, or they may provide paid assistance.
Being a caregiver can be physically demanding and emotionally challenging. It can also be rewarding to see the difference that providing care makes to the person’s life.
A caregiver may also find that they are providing emotional support, not only to the person whom they are caring for, but also to the person’s family and friends. This can be additionally challenging.
Caregivers may feel anxious, depressed, or emotionally exhausted. It is important that they recieve care and support themselves.
A diagnosis of late stage cancer affects a person mentally and emotionally.
People who are approaching the end of their lives may experience fear of dying. Identifying the specific element of death that is frightening and taking steps to address it may make the fear easier to cope with.
People with late stage cancer may also feel lonely, as if no one else around truly understands their experience. A person who feels this way should consider opening up to a healthcare professional who has experience talking with people who have late stage cancer. These doctors and nurses, for example, are likely to have a deeper understanding of the experience.
However having late stage cancer makes a person feel, speaking about these feelings with a trusted person can be both useful and comforting.
A diagnosis of stage 4 lung cancer indicates that the cancer has spread to the other lung or more distant parts of the body. It is the final stage of lung cancer.
There is currently no cure, but certain treatments can prolong life. It may be that the side effects of these treatments will eventually outweigh the benefits, and a person may prefer to have palliative care. It is important to talk about every option in detail with the doctor before making a decision.
Having late stage cancer affects a person physically, mentally, and emotionally. Seeking support from friends, family members, healthcare providers, and cancer support groups can help.