April is Testicular Cancer Awareness Month. This campaign aims to raise awareness of testicular cancer, encourage people to do self-exams, and raise money for research.

Testicular cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the testicles, which are the male reproductive glands that produce testosterone and sperm. The disease is relatively rare compared with other types of cancer. Around half of the cases of testicular cancer occur in young men between the ages of 20 and 34 years.

The overall 5-year survival rate for people with testicular cancer is quite high, at 95%. If doctors diagnose it early, the survival rate is 99%. Throughout April, campaigners try to raise awareness of testicular cancer, so more people can help detect it early and have a favorable health outcome.

A note about sex and gender

Sex and gender exist on spectrums. This article will use the terms “male,” “men,” or both to refer to sex assigned at birth.

Was this helpful?
an older man is playing a charity soccer match for testicular cancer awarenessShare on Pinterest
Geber86/Getty Images

Many individuals observe Testicular Cancer Awareness Month every year in April. It is a campaign to raise awareness about testicular cancer, including its symptoms, risk factors, and treatment options.

The purpose of this campaign is to encourage those with testicles to perform monthly self-examinations. This can help in the early detection of the disease, leading to favorable treatment outcomes.

The campaign also aims to support people with testicular cancer and their families. The campaign hopes to reduce the number of deaths from testicular cancer by educating people about the disease and the importance of early detection.

There are many ways a person can get involved with Testicular Cancer Awareness Month:

  • Learn about testicular cancer: People can educate themselves about the symptoms, risk factors, and treatment options. Sharing this information with loved ones can increase awareness.
  • Self-examination: A person can encourage people to perform monthly self-examinations to detect any lumps or changes in their testicles.
  • Participate in fundraisers: Many organizations and charities raise funds during Testicular Cancer Awareness Month. People can participate in events, such as walks, runs, and other fundraising events, to support their cause.
  • Share on social media: People can use social media platforms to share information about testicular cancer, including facts, statistics, and available resources.
  • Donate: People can donate to organizations dedicated to finding treatments for testicular cancer. Donations can be money, time, or resources to help support their mission.
  • Talk about it: Individuals can talk about testicular cancer with loved ones. They can also raise awareness and encourage others to do the same.

The exact cause of testicular cancer is unknown, but certain risk factors can increase the likelihood of developing the disease. These risk factors include a family history of testicular cancer, having an undescended testicle, and having atypical testicle development.

A painless lump or swelling in one or both testicles is the most common symptom of testicular cancer. Other symptoms may include a feeling of heaviness or discomfort in the scrotum, pain or discomfort in the testicle or scrotum, and a dull ache in the groin or lower abdomen.

Treatment for testicular cancer depends on the type and stage of the cancer and the person’s overall health. Treatment options may include surgery to remove the affected testicle, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.

Early detection is important for the successful treatment of testicular cancer. People should perform regular self-examinations to detect any lumps or changes in their testicles and to seek medical attention if they notice any abnormalities. Regular checkups with a doctor are also important for the early detection and prevention of testicular cancer.

Performing monthly self-examinations can help in the early detection of testicular cancer. Here is a step-by-step guide on performing a self-exam:

  1. Check the shape and size of each testicle. It is typical for one to be slightly larger than the other.
  2. Hold each testicle with both hands and gently roll it between the fingers. A smooth, firm, oval-shaped lump should be at the back of the testicle. This is the epididymis, a typical part of the testicle.
  3. Check for any lumps or swelling on the testicle or in the scrotum. A lump may feel like a small, hard pea or marble.
  4. Check for any changes in the size, shape, or texture of the testicle or scrotum.
  5. Check for any pain or discomfort in the testicle or scrotum.

Learn more about performing a self-exam for testicular cancer.

If someone notices any abnormalities during their self-exam, seeking medical attention as soon as possible is important. A person needs to remember that most lumps in the testicles are not cancerous, but it is always better to consult a healthcare professional who can check them to be sure.

Learn about the symptoms of testicular cancer other than lumps.

Receiving a diagnosis of testicular cancer can be a difficult and overwhelming experience. However, many resources are available to support and guide individuals and their loved ones during this time. Here are some examples of support options:

  • Testicular Cancer Society: This organization educates and supports individuals and families affected by testicular cancer. They offer resources such as online support groups, a helpline, and a patient guide.
  • American Cancer Society: This organization provides information on testicular cancer, including treatment options, side effects, and emotional support. It also offers various services, including a helpline, online chat, and support groups.
  • National Cancer Institute: This organization provides a wealth of information on testicular cancer, including treatment options, clinical trials, and resources for support and care.

To participate in Testicular Cancer Awareness Month, people can take part in various activities, such as:

  • educating themselves and others about the disease
  • encouraging males to perform self-examinations
  • donating to organizations that support the cause and participating in fundraising events
  • sharing information on social media

Starting conversations with friends, family, and colleagues can also help raise awareness. Many resources are available for individuals to get involved and show their support during Testicular Cancer Awareness Month.