Scheduled tetanus shots over a person’s lifetime can prevent tetanus. If a person has a dirty wound and is unsure if or when they had the vaccines, a doctor can administer a tetanus booster while treating the wound.
Tetanus shots are available from a range of places, including doctors’ surgeries and pharmacies.
Tetanus, also known as lockjaw,
This article will focus on when to get a tetanus vaccine, its possible side effects, and more.
Tetanus shots are routine vaccines that the
The type of vaccine and dosage that a doctor administers is different for children and adults.
Tetanus shot schedule
A doctor will
Children should have a booster Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis) shot at the age of 11 or 12 years to follow the vaccines they received at a younger age.
A pregnant woman should have a Tdap booster shot in the third trimester of every pregnancy to protect the fetus.
People above the age of 19 years should have Tdap booster shots every 10 years.
Emergency booster shot
If a person has concerns over a severe or dirty wound, they should urgently see a doctor who may administer the booster
Insurance plans cover most vaccines, including the tetanus shot, so doctors can administer it at no extra cost to the person.
Tetanus vaccines are easy to access across the United States.
A person may get a tetanus shot at various places, including:
- doctor’s office
- heath center
- travel clinic
- health department
As with all medication, vaccines, including tetanus shots, can cause side effects. However, these are rare, and symptoms are usually mild.
Rarely, DTaP causes more severe side effects,
- pain, swelling, or redness at the site of injection
- mild fever
People occasionally faint after a Tdap or Td shot.
Learn more about the side effects of the tetanus shot here.
All vaccines pose a minor risk of a severe allergic reaction.
If signs of an allergic reaction
People should not get the shot if they are allergic to any of the vaccine’s ingredients. A doctor may also recommend a person who is ill to wait until they recover before they go for the shot.
Before getting a tetanus shot, a person should tell the doctor if they:
- experience nervous system problems, such as seizures
- have had the immune system disorder Guillain-Barré syndrome
- have previously experienced severe pain or swelling after diphtheria, tetanus, or whooping cough (pertussis) vaccines
Tetanus shots are successful, with very few people contracting the infection once they are vaccinated.
A booster shot is effective for
The development of vaccines is the main reason why tetanus cases have fallen over recent decades. The number of deaths due to tetanus in the U.S. has dropped by 99% since 1947.
All tetanus vaccines are combined with vaccines that protect people against other diseases.
Four vaccines protect against
- DTaP protects children below the age of 7 against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis.
- DT protects children below the age of 7 against diphtheria and tetanus.
- Tdap protects children over the age of 7, adolescents, and adults against tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis.
- Td protects children over the age of 7, adolescents, and adults against tetanus and diphtheria.
A rise in vaccinations has
Tetanus shots are particularly
A person should make sure that they have had all of the recommended vaccinations before traveling abroad.
Tetanus is an infection with the spores of the
Deep puncture wounds are an ideal environment for a tetanus infection. Using dirty knives and nails or coming into contact with wooden splinters may cause small puncture injuries, which could become infected.
If a person is worried about contracting tetanus after cutting themselves on a dirty object, they should speak to a doctor immediately. The doctor can treat the wound and may administer a tetanus booster shot.
The symptoms of tetanus
- tightening of the jaw muscles
- muscle spasms, with bone-breaking strength
- difficulty swallowing
- overall muscle pain and stiffness
- changes to blood pressure and heart rate
Tetanus symptoms can cause critical health problems. According to the Department of Health & Human Services, tetanus causes death in as many as 20% of cases.
Tetanus vaccines can completely prevent tetanus. They are the only way to prevent the illness, and there is no cure if the infection enters the body through a cut or wound.
There is no
Without the protection of a vaccine, the
Tetanus is an infection that enters open cuts or wounds and causes powerful muscle spasms. The first symptom often affects the jaw, as the surrounding muscles seize up and lock, hence the common name of lockjaw. The consequences of tetanus can be fatal.
A rise in vaccines has resulted in tetanus becoming a rare condition.
It is important to complete the schedule of vaccines against tetanus, as the condition can be lethal, and there is no known cure.