Although there is no cure for type 2 diabetes, many people manage their condition effectively by making changes to their diet and lifestyle. Nutrition counseling can play a significant role in helping people make food choices that are right for them.
In this article, we look at what type 2 diabetes does to the body and how people can use nutritional knowledge to help them manage the condition. We also explain what a nutrition counselor is, what counseling involves, and how counselors tailor a diet to a person’s individual needs.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when there is too much sugar in the blood.
The hormone insulin controls blood sugar levels. Insulin signals to the body to move the sugar into cells, which store it for future energy. In type 2 diabetes, the body
Learning how to manage the condition is vital to prevent or delay the onset of these possible complications.
Some people with type 2 diabetes may need prescription medication to lower their blood sugar, but the majority can achieve this through
Nutrition counseling usually involves a
Successful nutrition counseling depends on a
Both parties need to agree on why
One of nutrition counseling’s key goals is to equip a person with type 2 diabetes with the
An important part of the service is improving a person’s
Many people with type 2 diabetes begin managing their condition by losing weight. Others can lower their blood pressure by
There are three types of carbohydrates: starches, sugars, and fiber. Eating more nutrient-dense carbohydrates that are high in fiber but low in sugar is key. These include whole grains, nonstarchy vegetables, fruits, and beans.
As a general rule, people with type 2 diabetes should adopt the following measures:
- limiting food and drinks that are high in added sugar
- choosing whole grains, fruit, and vegetables as carbohydrates instead of refined carbohydrates, such as white bread, pasta, and potatoes
- being aware of recommended portion sizes and sticking to them
- enjoying a mix of lean protein, whole-grain foods, fruit, and vegetables every day
- eating more heart-healthy fats, including avocados, nuts, and seeds
- limiting alcohol consumption, if applicable
Nutrition counselors are part of the healthcare team in the United States. People with a health insurance plan can check whether it includes coverage for this service.
Nutrition counseling is important in helping people manage their type 2 diabetes, as it takes into account dietary preferences, cultural influences, finances, and overall health.
- three to six meetings within the first 6 months, with the option to continue them
- at least one follow-up meeting every year
- an eating plan tailored to the individual
- the acknowledgment and inclusion of personal preferences
Although there is no cure for type 2 diabetes, many people manage the condition by making changes to their diet and lifestyle. Nutrition counseling plays a vital role in helping people make food choices that are right for them.
A nutrition counselor will work with someone living with type 2 diabetes to help them understand the importance of making food and drink choices that will benefit their health.
Follow-up sessions are necessary to provide ongoing support and advice.