People with risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes can take steps to prevent the onset of the condition. These risk factors include prediabetes, a condition in which blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not high enough for a diabetes diagnosis.
Type 2 diabetes prevention
Keep reading to learn more about seven ways in which people can lower their risk of type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes can lead to a range of health conditions,
Prevention involves adopting various lifestyle practices that boost health and also offer other benefits, such as more energy and better sleep.
Eating well involves including nutritious foods in the diet while avoiding foods that can harm health. The
- nonstarchy vegetables, such as spinach, asparagus, mushrooms, and broccoli
- lean proteins, which include turkey, chicken, fish, tofu, plain Greek yogurt, pulses, and eggs
- whole grains, such as steel-cut oatmeal, quinoa, and brown rice
- water and unsweetened beverages
The CDC advises avoiding:
- sugary drinks, such as soda, sports drinks, and fruit juice
- processed foods, including chips, granola bars, sweets, fast foods, preserved meat, and packaged snacks
- trans fats, which are in margarine, packaged baked goods, snack foods, and many fried foods
If a person with prediabetes has excess body weight, they can help reverse their prediabetes by losing
It also helps to learn about portion control. One way of doing this is to use the
- one-half of the plate should be nonstarchy vegetables
- one-quarter of the plate should be carbohydrates
- one-quarter of the plate is for protein-rich foods
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) advises doing the following to lose weight:
- reducing the intake of calories and fat
- eating breakfast daily
- staying physically active
- watching less than 10 hours of television per week
- monitoring progress by checking body weight once per week at the same time of the day
Exercise promotes all aspects of health, including diabetes prevention. A person should aim for a minimum of
People may find it beneficial to set a fitness goal and then begin a workout routine slowly, increasing the time and intensity gradually until they reach their target.
Smokers have a
Conversely, the sooner someone quits, the earlier they will experience the benefits. Studies show that insulin becomes more effective
The ADA suggests that people trying to quit smoking make it as easy for themselves as possible by:
- setting a quit date in the near future
- deciding whether to “go cold turkey” or taper off and then sticking to that strategy
- asking others for support
- quitting at the same time as a friend or family member, if possible
- throwing away all cigarettes, lighters, and ashtrays
- talking with a doctor about using a nicotine patch or spray
- considering counseling, acupuncture, or hypnosis
High blood pressure is another risk factor for diabetes. A 2015 meta-analysis reviewed the medical records of more than 4 million healthy adults. It compared these data with those from studies reporting new onset diabetes and high blood pressure. The analysis indicated that people with elevated blood pressure have a higher risk of diabetes.
The ADA explains that people can help control high blood pressure by:
- choosing foods that contain less than 400 milligrams of sodium per serving
- using spices and herbs rather than salt to flavor food
- eating whole grain breads and cereals
- speaking with a doctor about medications that reduce blood pressure
- limiting alcohol consumption and asking a doctor whether it is best to avoid alcohol entirely
When a person experiences stress, the hormones that the body releases
Another relaxation technique is meditation.
Making dramatic lifestyle changes sometimes presents intimidating challenges. A CDC-recognized lifestyle change program for diabetes prevention offers support, encouragement, and coaching that can help a person persevere with the necessary changes.
- lessons and resources
- a lifestyle coach who has completed training in how to help someone set goals and maintain motivation when working toward them
- a support group of individuals who have similar challenges
The cost of participating in the program varies with the location and type of program. A person can use the search tool on this webpage to find a program in their area.
Type 2 diabetes prevention mainly consists of adopting certain lifestyle practices, such as eating a nutritious diet, getting regular exercise, and maintaining an optimal weight.
People may also benefit from using relaxation techniques to minimize stress and joining a diabetes prevention program.
In addition to helping prevent diabetes, the above lifestyle practices help reduce people’s risk of developing other conditions, such as heart disease. They also offer general health benefits, such as increased energy and better sleep.