Treatments for managing viral-induced asthma include a combination of medications for quick relief and long-term control. These treatments may include bronchodilators and corticosteroids.
Viral-induced asthma occurs when a virus triggers an asthma attack.
Viruses cause the
In this article, we will discuss treatment options for viral asthma, including medications for quick relief and long-term control of the condition.
The American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (ACAAI) advises that most people with asthma need two kinds of medications: quick relief and long-term control.
People can use quick relief medications at the first sign of asthma symptoms for immediate relief. They include short-acting inhaled beta-2 agonists (SABA inhalers) and anticholinergics.
Both these medications are bronchodilators that expand the passageways into the lungs. This allows more air to move in and out and enables someone to breathe more easily. The medicines also help clear the mucus from the lungs by making it move more freely so that someone can cough it up easier.
However, the ACAAI notes that even though quick-relief medications can stop asthma symptoms, they do not control the cause, which is airway inflammation. This is where long-term medications come in.
Inhaled corticosteroids include:
LABA medications include:
Doctors may also prescribe anti-leukotrienes or leukotriene modifiers, including:
- montelukast sodium
The ACAAI explains that it is advisable for people with asthma to take these medications daily, even if they do not have symptoms. They help reduce inflammation and improve symptoms.
- race, as people of African American and Hispanic heritage are more likely to experience exacerbations
- access to healthcare and knowledge about asthma
- chronic sinusitis
- uncontrolled eosinophilic inflammation
- altered immune response
- sensitivity to animal dander or dust mites
- inhalation of tobacco smoke
- higher body mass index
- gastroesophageal reflux disease
Additionally, there is the
The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America suggests the following tips for preventing respiratory infections, which may trigger viral asthma:
- washing the hands often with soap and warm water for 20 seconds, especially after touching surfaces such as door handles
- avoiding touching the eyes, nose, and mouth
- getting a flu vaccine
- asking a doctor about getting the pneumococcal vaccine
- is possible, avoiding contact with people who are sick
- keeping breathing equipment, such as inhalers, clean and not sharing them with others
According to a
This process continues until the symptoms are notable, and a doctor may prescribe medications. Subsequently, there will usually be an improvement in symptoms a few days later.
Treatment options for viral-induced asthma include medications for quick relief, such as SABA inhalers and anticholinergics, and long-term control, including inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting beta-agonists.
Some people are more prone to asthma exacerbation than others, and doctors may review risk factors and other conditions that someone needs to manage. In addition, people can help prevent viral infections by practicing good hygiene and avoiding individuals who are sick, if possible.