Toddlers can develop a rash as a result of a viral infection. Although fever is a common symptom of viral infections, not all toddlers with a viral rash also experience a fever.
In this article, we discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment of a viral rash with no fever in toddlers.
Toddlers can develop a rash as a result of a viral infection. The exact type of rash depends on the underlying cause. Below, we look at a few common viral rashes that occur in toddlers.
Roseola causes a high fever of about
Other symptoms of roseola
There is no specific treatment or vaccine available for roseola. People can
- avoiding contact with people who have an HHV-6 infection
- keeping their child home when sick
- washing the hands thoroughly after interacting with a person who is sick
- washing bedding, clothing, and other items that the person came into contact with while sick
Over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers, such as ibuprofen, may help reduce a high fever. Treatment for a roseola rash usually involves bed rest and sufficient fluid intake.
Although most toddlers fully recover from roseola within
Hand, foot, and mouth disease
Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) occurs
Although HFMD leads to fever in roughly
HFMD typically causes an itchy rash on the hands, feet, and lining of the mouth and throat. The rash can consist of flat or raised bumps.
Toddlers with HFMD
Symptoms of HFMD usually resolve within
As with other viral infections, HFMD clears up on its own without medical treatment. However, people with HFMD
Rubella is a contagious viral infection that affects children and adults. Rubella causes mild or unnoticeable symptoms in children. According to the
Rubella symptoms usually appear within
Symptoms of rubella
- a headache
- redness or swelling of the whites of the eye
- physical discomfort
- a cough
- a runny nose
- swollen lymph nodes
- low grade fever
There is no
Fifth disease causes a bright red rash on the cheeks, which may be less apparent in people with darker skin. The rash may appear on other areas of the body, including the:
Some people only develop the rash, while others experience other mild symptoms,
- a headache
- a runny nose or congestion
- painful or swollen joints
- low grade fever
Fifth disease typically clears up on its own. However, OTC anti-inflammatory drugs may help relieve joint pain and swelling.
Parents or caregivers should take a toddler to a doctor if they develop a skin rash alongside severe symptoms, such as:
- high fever
- a severe or intense headache
- a refusal to eat or drink
It is also important to seek medical attention if an infant or toddler under 6 months of age develops a new rash.
Toddlers and young children often develop viral rashes as their immune system continues developing. Most causes of viral rashes without fever are not serious and resolve within a few days to a week.
Parents or caregivers should consult a healthcare professional if a toddler has a rash that lasts longer than a week or if they develop new or worsening symptoms.