Guidance has been published to support paediatricians, midwives and GPs in detecting whether a newborn baby has a cleft palate. Currently 16% of babies go undetected at first examination, putting them at risk of poor nutrition and development.
The 'Palate examination: Identification of cleft palate in the newborn' guidance, published today by the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH), aims to further reduce the figure which was initially 30% but then reduced to 16% once the national assessment standard changed from 24hrs to 72hrs in 2008.
Although new born babies are given a physical examination - including a cleft palate assessment - within 72 hours of birth, most recent figures have shown that 12% of babies diagnosed with cleft palate were detected more than a week after birth, 7% under three months of age, 3% under a year and 2% were over a year old.
In order to improve detection rates, the RCPCH recommends that:
- Healthcare professionals should examine a baby's hard and soft palate as part of the full newborn physical examination and record this in the child health record
- Examination of the baby's palate should be carried out by visual inspection
- Parents should be informed if the whole palate has not been visualised during the newborn examination
- If the whole palate is not able to be inspected, a further attempt should be made within 24 hours. If this is not achieved at the 2nd inspection, a third attempt should be made with consideration of referral to paediatric services
- Trusts should provide training for all health professionals required to carry out a newborn examination to ensure they are equipped with the skills to spot a baby with a cleft palate
Dr Alex Habel, clinical lead and member of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, said:
"A cleft lip or palate is the most common facial birth defect in the UK with one in every 700 babies born with one. Cleft palate without cleft lip affects two in five such babies and if the condition isn't detected early, a baby can experience impaired growth and development as a result.
"Every child deserves the best start in life. This delay is totally unacceptable.
"This is a condition that is treated with timely surgery but often other care is required such as speech and language therapy and orthodontic treatment, and management of associated medical and developmental needs. So it is crucial a full visual examination is carried out within 72 hours of birth and data logged into the child health record so appropriate care is coordinated as early as possible.
"By doing so, excellent results are possible and the child's full potential achieved."
The Cleft Lip and Palate Association support people affected by cleft palate, for further information visit www.clapa.com.