Smith & Nephew, the global medical technology business, has announced that data from an international, multicentre-study1 presented at the Sixth European Symposium of Aesthetic Surgery of the Breast, has shown significantly fewer wound healing complications associated with breast reduction surgery, through the post-operative application of PICO Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (NPWT) system as compared to standard wound care. The study, led by Dr Robert Galiano of the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, USA, analysed the effectiveness of PICO in the reduction of post-surgical complications.
200 bilateral breast reduction patients were observed across six leading centres in USA, Europe and South Africa. For each patient PICO was used as an incision management system and compared to the standard post-operative wound care procedure (surgical strips). The primary analysis shows significantly fewer overall healing complications for PICO compared to standard care (p
Scar Quality Improved
The study also evaluated the scar quality at 42 and 90 days post surgery. PICO showed significantly better scar quality at each time point (p
Presenting the study findings at Aesthetic Surgery of the Breast, Dr. Risal Djohan, of the Cleveland Clinic, Ohio, USA, said, "This surgical procedure has a relatively high frequency of postoperative complications, particularly in patients overweight or obese, where the percentage ranges from 21.6% to 35%2-5. The study data also suggests that the incidence of delayed healing and dehiscence increases with the weight of the tissue removed. For a patient group with high expectations6, PICO presents surgeons with a real opportunity to reduce surgical incision complications and improve the aesthetic outcome."
Dr. Maurizio Nava, congress president and associated professor of Plastic Surgery at the University of Milan, says 'The psychological impact of breast surgery is considerable and often scarring is the primary source of dissatisfaction for 65% of the patients7. Data from clinical investigations developed in different surgical areas, and now also in breast surgery, are suggesting that the use of innovative devices like PICO, can effectively reduce the incidence of surgical complications and improve the scar appearance, and this is particularly important for patients with high Body Mass Index (over 30) or with other risk factors, such as tobacco smoking, high blood pressure, radiotherapy, etc... This is important for breast reduction surgery, but may also have an impact on breast reconstruction and on aesthetic interventions, which are performed in a much higher number."
Breast surgery incidence
SSI risk is 4 times higher following a mastectomy, compared to cosmetic breast surgery10 Post-operative complications lead to prolonged hospital stay & increased hospital costs9 Patients with a BMI of 35 or more were twice as likely to develop an SSI9
65% of aesthetic breast surgery patients said they were dissatisfied with scaring7
A prospective, randomized, intra-patient, comparative, open, multi-centre study to evaluate the efficacy of a single use Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (NPWT) system* on the prevention of post-surgical incision healing complications in patients undergoing bilateral breast reduction surgery. This study was sponsored by Smith & Nephew. NCT01640366 http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01640366
Authors and centres involved:
Dr Robert Galiano, Dr Thomas Mustoe, Dr Jing Liu and Katherine Anne Piserchia: Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA Dr Risal Djohan, Margo Rhia: Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland OH, USA
Dr Joseph H Shin, Dr Zachary Farris, Dr Teresa Benequista, Roger Swayze: Montefiore Medical Centre, Albert Einstein School of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
Professor Donald Hudson, Dr Kevin Adams: University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
Professor René Van der Hulst, Dr Jip Beugels, Dr Volkan Tanaydin, Dr John Sawor: Maastricht University Hospital, Maastricht, Netherlands and Viecuri Medical Center, Venlo, Netherlands
Professor Franck Duteille, Yann Donnio, Patricia Yego: CHU de Nantes - Hôtel Dieu, University of Nantes, Nantes, France
PICO is cleared for use in hospital and homecare settings in Europe, US, Canada, Japan and Australia. For more information about the PICO system and the NPWT portfolio of products from Smith & Nephew, please visit http://www.smith-nephew.com.
Image courtesy of Dr. Risal Djohan - Cleveland Clinic