Novartis has announced that the European Commission (EC) has granted authorisation for Cosentyx® (secukinumab) for the treatment of people living with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). For AS, this is the first new treatment advance in 16 years since the development of the current standard of care, anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapy7.
Secukinumab is the first in a new class of medicines called interleukin-17A (IL-17A) inhibitors to be made available in Europe for AS and PsA. These authorisations follow on from the earlier licensing of secukinumab for the treatment of patients with moderate-to- severe plaque psoriasis.
AS and PsA are common inflammatory joint conditions affecting approximately 270,000 people in the UK8,9. Both are life-long, painful and debilitating inflammatory diseases that affect the joints and/or spine. If not treated effectively, both conditions can lead to irreversible joint and/or spinal damage caused by years of inflammation3,10. New treatments are needed for both conditions as many patients do not respond well to existing treatments, with up to 40% not responding sufficiently to anti-TNFs6,11.
Recent studies have shown that secukinumab provided a significant reduction in the signs and symptoms of AS or PsA as early as Week 1-3, which were sustained over two years2,3. Up to 80% of AS patients treated with secukinumab showed no progression of spinal damage as measured by x-ray over two years4. In PsA, 84% of patients showed no progression of joint damage on x-ray over two years5.
More than 9,600 patients have been treated with secukinumab in clinical trials across multiple indications, and over 12,500 patients have been treated in the post-marketing setting12. The safety profile of secukinumab was shown to be consistent with that seen in clinical trials across multiple indications2-5.
The most frequently reported adverse drug reactions (ADRs) were upper respiratory tract infections (most frequently nasopharyngitis, rhinitis). Most of the reactions were mild or moderate in severity13.
Secukinumab is now licensed to treat active AS in adults who have responded inadequately to conventional therapy, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and for the treatment of active PsA in adult patients alone or in combination with methotrexate when the response to previous disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug therapy has been inadequate.
About the European Commission approval
The European Commission marketing authorisations for secukinumab are applicable to all European Union and European Economic Area countries.
For patients with AS and PsA, the approved dose is secukinumab 150 mg by subcutaneous injection (under the skin) with initial dosing at Weeks 0, 1, 2 and 3, followed by monthly maintenance dosing starting at Week 4. For patients with PsA who also have moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis, or those who have responded inadequately to anti-TNF treatment, the recommended dose is secukinumab 300 mg for the initial maintenance dosing.
Pivotal Phase III studies in the secukinumab clinical trial programme, that provided key data for the submission, were MEASURE 1 and MEASURE 2 in AS, and FUTURE 1 and FUTURE 2 in PsA2,3,14,15. These are ongoing multi-centre, randomised, placebo- controlled studies that have been designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of secukinumab in AS and PsA.
About ankylosing spondylitis (AS)
AS is a painful, progressively debilitating condition caused by inflammation of the spine. Up to 70% of patients with severe AS develop spinal fusion (where the bones grow together) over 10 to 15 years, which significantly reduces mobility and quality of life16. AS occurs in approximately 153,000 people in the UK and typically affects young men and women aged 25 or older8,17.
About psoriatic arthritis (PsA)
PsA, closely associated with psoriasis, is part of a family of long-term diseases impacting joints. PsA occurs in approximately 117,000 people in the UK9. As many as one in four people with psoriasis may have undiagnosed PsA18.
About secukinumab and interleukin-17A (IL-17A)
Secukinumab is a human monoclonal antibody that selectively neutralises circulating IL- 17A19. Secukinumab is the first IL-17A inhibitor with positive Phase III results for the treatment of PsA and AS. Research shows that IL-17A plays an important role in driving the body's immune response in psoriasis and spondyloarthritis conditions, including PsA and AS20,21. In Europe, secukinumab is approved for the treatment of moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis in adult patients.