Clubfoot refers to a condition in which a newborn’s foot or feet appear to be rotated internally at the ankle.

The foot points down and inwards, and the soles of the feet face each other.

It is known as talipes equinovarus (TEV) or congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV). In 50 percent of cases, both feet are affected.

According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), just over 1 in every 1,000 infants are born with clubfoot.

[Clubfoot - WikiCommons image <br>Image credit: OpenStax College, April 2013</br>]” /><br /><em>Clubfoot is a congenital physical deformity. <br />Image credit: OpenStax College, April 2013</em></div> <p> In clubfoot, the tendons on the inside of the leg are shortened, the bones have an unusual shape, and the Achilles tendon is tightened. </p> <p> If left untreated, the person may appear to walk on their ankles or the sides of their feet. </p> <p> In an infant born with clubfoot: </p> <ul> <li>the top of the foot twists downwards and inwards</li> <li>the arch is more pronounced and the heel turns inward</li> <li>in severe cases, the foot may look as if it is upside-down</li> <li>the calf muscles tend to be underdeveloped</li> <li>if only one foot is affected, it is usually slightly shorter than the other, especially at the heel</li> </ul> <p> A person with a clubfoot does not usually feel discomfort or pain when walking. </p> <p> A health care professional normally notices a clubfoot when a baby is born. Sometimes it can be detected before birth. </p> <p> Most children will have only a clubfoot and no other condition, but sometimes clubfoot occurs with other problems, such as spina bifida. </p> <h3>Risk factors for clubfoot</h3> <p> Risk factors for clubfoot include the following: </p> <ul> <li>Gender: Males are twice as likely as females to be born with clubfoot.</li> <li>Genetics: If a parent who was born with clubfoot, their children have a higher chance of having a child with the same condition. The risk is higher if both parents have the condition.</li> </ul> <p> Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in the United States <a href=Share on Pinterest
A cast must be worn following manipulation to help reshape the foot.