The data was complied from National Vital Statistics System and is grouped according to age, sex, race / ethnicity, as well as the cause of injury and by state. Encouragingly, the death rate from injury in 0-19 year olds, which came in a little over 9,000, decreased 29% from 15.5 to 11.0 per 100,000 population. A worrying indicator was the rate of poisoning, in part due to prescription drug overdoses, that almost doubled from 1.7 to 3.3 per 100,000. Childhood motor vehicle deaths declined 41%, but are still the leading cause of unintentional deaths. By state, the data varied widely from as little as 4.0 to 25.1 per 100,000 during 2009.
The high numbers of preventable accidental deaths highlights the attention that is still needed in addressing this aspect of public health - The 2012 National Action Plan for Child Injury Prevention provides a list of actions that should be taken in areas of surveillance, research, communication, education, health care, and public policy to focus efforts in saving lives by reducing injuries.
The CDC's new eye-catching brochure breaks the statistics down further, into more digestible and immediately accessible facts :
- 1 Child dies ever hour from an injury
- 1 in 5 Child Deaths are due to injury
- Every 4 seconds a child is treated in an emergency room, for an accidental injury
- For every child that dies there are 25 hospitalizations, 925 treated in ER and thousands treated in doctors offices.
The Midwest and Southern States have higher rates than the north eastern states, California, Oregon and Washington State, with Montana, Wyoming and South Dakota amongst the highest. Perhaps the more rural lifestyle and lower population leads to more traffic accidents playing a larger part.
The brochure also looks at the 9,143 child deaths and breaks it down into causes :
- 4,564 - Motor Vehicles
- 1,160 - Suffocation
- 151 - Falling
- 983 - Drowning
- 391 - Fire
- 824 - Poisoning
- Increasing data collection and identifying problem areas
- More use of proven strategies. such as gradual drivers licenses, learn to swim programs and more oversight of prescription drugs
- Improving facilities for poisoning, trauma care and preventative services such as first aid and CPR training.
Written by Rupert Shepherd