Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, and activity levels. It can affect different populations in various ways, and some groups of people experience more barriers to diagnosis and treatment.
People with bipolar disorder cycle between depressive episodes — when their mood and energy levels are low — and manic or hypomanic episodes, where their mood and energy levels are elevated or high. Manic episodes cause more intense symptoms than hypomanic episodes.
The condition can affect people of any age, sex, gender, ethnicity, or race, but it tends to affect members of different populations differently.
Some groups of people with bipolar disorder are more likely to have certain symptoms, and some experience more barriers than others to getting an accurate diagnosis and treatment.
The average age of onset for bipolar disorder is about 25 years old, but some people develop symptoms at a younger age.
Those who develop it in childhood or adolescence are
- experience long delays in treatment
- have severe depressive symptoms
- develop anxiety or substance use disorders
Bipolar disorder affects men and women at
Compared with men, women with bipolar disorder are more likely to:
- have hypomanic rather than manic episodes
- have mixed mood episodes with both depressive and manic symptoms
- rapidly cycle between depressive and manic or hypomanic episodes
- receive a misdiagnosis of major depressive disorder
- develop post-traumatic stress disorder or eating disorders
Certain medications for bipolar disorder may interact with hormonal birth control or increase the risk of birth abnormalities in pregnancy, which can add to the challenges of managing this condition.
Bipolar disorder affects people of different races and ethnicities at
However, compared with non-Hispanic white Americans, Black and Hispanic Americans with the condition are:
- more likely to receive a misdiagnosis
- less likely to receive adequate treatment or follow-up
- less likely to receive mood-stabilizing medications
However, as genomic studies on bipolar disorder and psychiatric medications focus mostly on people of European ancestry and underrepresent people of other racial and ethnic backgrounds, available data have scope limitations.
Below are some commonly asked questions regarding bipolar disorder.
What are three statistics about bipolar disorder?
Here are three statistics about bipolar disorder:
- The average age of onset for bipolar disorder is about 25 years old.
- Women with bipolar disorder are more likely than men to receive a misdiagnosis of major depressive disorder.
- Bipolar disorder affects people of different races and ethnicities at
What is the success rate of bipolar treatment?
Treatment for bipolar disorder involves a combination of therapies, including medication, counseling, physical intervention, and lifestyle remedies.
Indeed, one study found the risk of any relapse to be 36% for lithium compared to 61% for a placebo over the course of 1 year, corresponding to an absolute risk reduction of 25%.
What percentage of people recover from bipolar?
Bipolar disorder is a lifelong, incurable condition. A person can manage it with medication, counseling, and other strategies.
Ultimately, more research is necessary to understand if people can indeed recover from bipolar disorder and what percentage of people do.
Although anyone can potentially develop bipolar disorder, symptoms tend to vary across age groups, sex, and gender.
There are also differences in diagnosis and treatment patterns for this condition across age, sex, gender, race, and ethnicity.
Some groups face more barriers than others to getting an accurate diagnosis and adequate treatment. Research suggests treatment outcomes are unfavorable among African American participants, which may be due to socioeconomic disadvantages.
In addition, genomic studies on bipolar disorder and psychiatric medications focus mostly on people of European ancestry. Including more people of different racial and ethnic origins in the long-term studies of bipolar disorder will help better understand how the condition affects different population groups. This can help address the issue of under- and misdiagnosis and how treatments can be tailored to each group’s needs.