Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative condition after Alzheimer’s. Around 500,000 Americans have a confirmed PD diagnosis, but since many go undiagnosed, the actual number is likely much higher.
According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), some estimates for people with PD in the United States reach as high as
The World Health Organization (WHO) also reports that globally, over
This article looks at statistics for Parkinson’s disease, who is at risk of developing PD, and more.
Although numbers differ between sources, the PF estimates that around 90,000 people in the U.S. receive a PD diagnosis each year.
The risk of developing Parkinson’s
Parkinson’s affects more males than females, with males being up to 1.5 times more likely to have the condition than females.
The exact cause of PD is unknown, but many researchers believe it results from a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
Most people with Parkinson’s do not have a family history of the condition, but
Genetics is a known cause in around 10–15% of all people with PD. These trace back to specific genetic variants.
Some ethnic groups are more likely to carry genes linked to PD, such as North African Arab Berbers and Ashkenazi Jews. Researchers do not yet fully understand this, though.
Parkinson’s disease is the fastest-growing neurological disorder worldwide. Global rates of people with PD more than doubled from around
This is likely due to the increasing numbers of older people globally. As people’s quality of life is generally increasing, they are living longer, and as such, they have more chance of developing PD.
However, environmental factors, such as increased environmental toxins and air pollution, may also play a role.
It is not possible to prevent Parkinson’s disease, but some lifestyle changes and precautions may help reduce the risk.
Some behaviors that may reduce the risk of Parkinson’s include:
- Avoiding toxins: As environmental toxins play a role in Parkinson’s, avoiding toxin and chemical exposure, where possible, may reduce the risk. Avoiding using pesticides, herbicides, and other known toxins, where possible, and wearing protective gear when toxins are present is best.
- Exercising: According to a
2018 review, regular physical activity can help prevent Parkinson’s by maintaining a person’s dopamine levels in their brain.
- Following a specific diet: Some research shows a link between Parkinson’s and diet. For example, a
2019 studyfound that following a Mediterranean diet may reduce Parkinson’s risk.
Learn more about Parkinson’s disease.
This section answers some frequently asked questions about Parkinson’s disease.
What country has the highest rate of Parkinson’s disease?
According to a
The same review states that East Asia had the highest increases in PD incidence in that period. Incidence refers to the number of people who receive a new Parkinson’s diagnosis.
The number of people with PD in China, in particular, increased more than in any other country between 1990 and 2019.
However, the study observed that trends of PD decreased in Mediterranean countries, including Italy and Spain. This may be due to the Mediterranean diet, which researchers
What are the odds of getting Parkinson’s disease?
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the prevalence of people with a Parkinson’s diagnosis is about
However, certain factors, such as genetics and exposure to environmental toxins, can increase the risk of a person developing Parkinson’s.
There are things that a person can do that may reduce the risk of developing PD. These include making dietary changes, exercising regularly, and avoiding toxic chemicals.
Parkinson’s disease is the second most common neurodegenerative condition after Alzheimer’s. There are around 90,000 new cases of PD in the U.S. every year, and over 8.5 million people worldwide live with PD.
The risk of developing PD increases with age. Additionally, males are 1.5 times more likely to develop the condition than females.
PD rates have been increasing globally in recent years. This is partly due to an aging global population and an increase in industrial chemicals.
Although there is no guaranteed way to prevent Parkinson’s, there are ways that may reduce the risk of developing it. These include getting regular exercise, making dietary changes, and avoiding toxic chemicals.