Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an inflammatory condition that causes joint pain, inflammation, and stiffness in people with psoriasis. Home remedies and self-care tips may improve a person’s quality of life with PsA.
Exercise, diet, stress relief, and some other nonmedical remedies can reduce the impact of psoriatic arthritis on daily life. They may help a person minimize pain and maintain range of motion.
A person’s doctor can help them create a treatment plan for PsA, which may include a combination of medical treatments and self-care tips.
This article discusses the various home remedies that can help relieve PsA symptoms.
According to the Arthritis Foundation, exercise is key to managing PsA. It can help an individual:
- reduce pain
- ease stiffness
- improve mood
- improve function
- protect overall health
The Arthritis Foundation recommends exercises such as:
It is best for a person to contact a doctor for advice on how to ease into a workout program. A doctor can also advise the individual on what exercises and level of activity are suitable based on their PsA symptoms.
Resting after exercise
Exercise is important for symptom relief, but it is also possible to put excessive stress on the joints and trigger a flare-up.
People with PsA who experience joint pain during or after exercise will want to make sure that they are resting enough and not overdoing physical activity.
Stress is a
Several approaches to stress relief include:
- deep breathing
During flares, applying heat and cold therapy to sore joints can help reduce swelling, soothe pain, and ease stiffness.
Hot and cold therapy can include:
- a warm bath, which may reduce soreness
- a paraffin bath for the hands and feet, which can also help joints feel less sore
- using an ice pack wrapped in a towel, which might help reduce swelling
Neither heat nor cold is better for PsA symptoms, so people can pick whichever feels most comfortable.
No eating plan can fully resolve PsA symptoms or reduce flares entirely. However, some foods have links to lower inflammation. Foods with omega-3 fatty acids may be beneficial for joint health, according to a 2018 study.
Examples of food sources of omega-3 fatty acids
- fatty fish, such as salmon, sardines, and tuna
- nuts and seeds, such as flaxseeds and walnuts
- plant oils, such as soybean oil and canola oil
A 2018 study supports eating fruits and vegetables as a way to manage arthritis, especially those with plenty of antioxidants, such as leafy greens.
A dietitian can help a person create an eating plan to help them manage PsA symptoms while ensuring they get enough essential nutrients.
Foods to avoid with PsA
Obesity can apply extra pressure on the joints. It can also contribute to low level, chronic inflammation, according to a
Following an anti-inflammatory diet and exercise regimen can help with weight management.
People with obesity may find that losing 10% of their body weight improves how their body responds to treatments. However, this may not be right for everyone. It is important for people to speak with their doctor to determine what is best for their symptom relief and overall treatment plan.
Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese medicine practice in which a practitioner inserts extremely thin needles into pressure points on the body.
There’s no direct evidence that acupuncture can reduce the symptoms of PsA, according to a
This research shows that acupuncture might be a promising option for those living with chronic PsA pain, although more studies are necessary.
If a person smokes, quitting smoking may help them manage symptoms of PsA.
Smoking is a risk factor for PsA. It
A person may wish to contact their doctor for advice if they wish to consider quitting smoking.
Home remedies may help with daily management of PsA symptoms, but they won’t slow the progression of the condition. A doctor may recommend medications alongside self-care tips.
Biologics and disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs can also target parts of the immune system to reduce joint damage over time.
A person’s doctor can provide more information about what medications they recommend for PsA.
People with psoriasis would benefit from regular appointments to monitor the progression of the condition and allow their doctor to assess the efficacy of their current treatment plan.
Here are some frequently asked questions about PsA.
How can I help myself with psoriatic arthritis?
People with PsA can manage flares and symptoms in the following ways:
- practicing relaxation and managing stress
- eating a diet full of omega-3 fatty acids, fruits, and vegetables
- getting enough regular physical activity or moderate exercise
- protecting the skin to relieve itchiness and discomfort
- maintaining a moderate weight
- quitting or avoiding smoking
What should a person not do with psoriatic arthritis?
Several lifestyle choices can increase inflammation and make PsA flares worse, including:
- eating foods high in sugars, saturated fats, and trans fats
- smoking tobacco
- drinking excess alcohol
- exercising through pain
What is the best lifestyle for psoriatic arthritis?
The best lifestyle for a person with PsA is one that involves being active, managing pain, eating healthily, and listening to their body.
A person’s doctor can advise on steps they can take and activities they should avoid to help reduce symptoms. Alongside self-care tips and lifestyle modifications, medications may also help manage the condition.
Psoriatic arthritis can put pressure on daily life with pain, inflammation, and stiffness. However, self-care tips and home remedies can help a person manage symptoms.
Alongside medications, a doctor may recommend self-care tips such as getting enough physical activity, resting when necessary, and practicing relaxation techniques. Maintaining a moderate weight and following a joint-healthy diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids may also help.
Some treatments like acupuncture and cold or heat therapy can also support medical treatments for PsA.