Prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus among U.S. women
CDC researchers report that as many as 9.2 percent of women who gave birth between 2007 and 2010 reported having gestational diabetes mellitus. The objective of this study was to provide the most current gestational diabetes mellitus prevalence reported on the birth certificate and the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) questionnaire and to compare gestational diabetes prevalence from PRAMS across 2007-2008 and 2009-2010.
Researchers examined 2010 gestational diabetes mellitus prevalence reported on birth certificates or the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) questionnaire and concordance between the sources. They also examined trends from 2007 through 2010 and included 21 states that participated in PRAMS for all four years. They found that 9.2 percent of women reported diabetes mellitus on either the birth certificate or questionnaire. Results also indicated that gestational diabetes prevalence is more likely to be reported on the PRAMS questionnaire than the birth certificate.
Prevalence Estimates of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in the United States, Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), 2007-2010, Carla L. DeSisto, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Preventing Chronic Disease, published 19 June 2014.