Stomach pain and nausea after eating can be a sign of food sensitivity or eating too much. However, persistent symptoms may indicate a more serious health condition, such as gallstones or a stomach ulcer.
If a person has other symptoms or ongoing discomfort despite making changes to their diet, it may be a medical condition.
Stomach pain can be prevented by an individual eating a balanced, healthful diet with fresh fruits and vegetables. Not eating spicy or fatty foods and cutting down on sugary drinks or caffeine, may also help.
In this article, we list 21 reasons why a person’s stomach may hurt or feel uncomfortable after they eat, including food and medical causes.
For many different reasons, the food that a person chooses to eat may lead to their stomach hurting afterward.
1. Food poisoning
- high temperature
Symptoms can appear a few hours after eating, but they may take days or weeks to surface.
Food poisoning normally only lasts a few days. It can usually be treated at home with rest and fluids.
2. Acidic foods
Finding alternatives, such as replacing fruit juices with water or tea, may help to cut down on stomach pain.
3. Trapped wind
Trapped wind in the digestive tract can cause discomfort. The stomach may feel stretched and uncomfortable, or there may be a sharp pain.
Sugary drinks and certain foods can cause bloating and wind. These can include:
When someone chews gum, sucks sweets, or eats with their mouth open, it can lead to them swallowing air. This can be another cause of wind.
4. Spicy foods
Chili peppers are often used to flavor spicy food. They contain capsaicin, a chemical that causes the hot or burning sensation. Capsaicin may irritate sensitive parts of the body, including the stomach.
A person can suffer indigestion after eating or drinking. As well as stomach ache, they may feel bloated or sick.
The stomach contains acid to break down food. Sometimes, this can irritate the stomach lining and cause indigestion.
Rich or fatty foods, caffeine, sugary drinks, and alcohol
Over-the-counter medication, which is known as an antacid, may help if cutting out certain foods and drinks makes no difference.
People can choose alternatives and still enjoy hot drinks. Decaffeinated tea and decaffeinated coffee are available online. Fruit teas or hot water with a slice of lemon are also healthful to help people stay hydrated during the day.
If someone cuts down on the amount of alcohol they drink, it can have many health benefits. Drinking a soft drink or water between alcoholic ones or choosing alcohol-free wine or beer are ways to reduce alcohol consumption.
Read on to learn more about alcohol bloating.
8. Food allergy or intolerance
Some people may be allergic to certain foods. These can irritate the stomach and may cause pain after eating. An intolerance can cause similar symptoms and occurs when a person cannot digest a substance in certain foods.
Both allergies and intolerances can cause bloating and nausea and may occur due to many different foods.
Common intolerances include gluten, wheat, and lactose. People can keep a food diary if they think they might have an allergy.
A food diary is a written record of what they have consumed at each meal, including drinks and snacks. They should also include a note of when their stomach hurts. Keeping a diary can help determine the foods causing an issue. People can then cut this food out of their diet.
9. Eating too much
Overfilling the stomach on a regular basis is not good for health. Discomfort after eating may be a sign that a person is eating too much.
People can find guidance on healthy portion sizes from the
Here, we give some of the medical conditions that can also make someone’s stomach hurt after eating.
Mild gastritis can be treated at home with medication and changes to diet. Cutting out acidic foods and eating smaller meals throughout the day can help.
11. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
IBD is a long-term condition that requires treatment with medication and lifestyle changes.
12. Stomach ulcer
Stomach ulcers are often caused by an infection. They can also be the result of medications that include aspirin if it is frequently taken over a long period. Treatment is with acid-suppressing medication, with or without antibiotics.
13. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
Symptoms can last for days, weeks, or months, and may not always happen after eating.
Although there is no cure, lifestyle changes can help. These include:
- eating slowly
- avoiding fatty and processed foods
- getting plenty of exercise
- cutting out alcohol and sugary drinks
- eating meals at regular times and not skipping meals
Treatment is with medication or surgery, depending on the severity of the condition.
GER is caused by acid coming up from the stomach into the food pipe. It feels like a burning sensation in the chest and throat. It can also cause a burning feeling in the stomach.
Eliminating alcohol, spicy foods, and losing weight if necessary
16. Overactive thyroid
Possible symptoms of an overactive thyroid may include stomach pain and diarrhea. Other symptoms include trouble sleeping, weight loss, and a rapid heartbeat.
17. Celiac disease
Celiac disease is a disorder of the digestive system. It is caused by an allergy to gluten, found in rye, barley, and wheat.
Lastly, there are several other lifestyle and health reasons why someone’s stomach can hurt after eating.
A few slow, deep breaths before eating can relax the muscles. Eating slowly and calmly can help to avoid stomach pain.
19. Being overweight
When an individual loses some excess weight, it can help avoid their stomach hurting after eating.
Not having enough bowel movements or having stool that is hard and difficult to pass is likely to be caused by constipation. Stomach pain and bloating are other
People can treat constipation by eating a diet that is high in fiber and drinking plenty of fluids.
21. Blood pressure medication
If a person experiences side effects from this medication, they can speak to their doctor about switching to an alternative type.